PSYB10H3 Chapter Notes -Type A And Type B Personality Theory, Trait Theory, Albert Bandura

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Published on 5 Jun 2012
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Appendix
Stress and Human Health
There is more to health than germs and disease-we also need to consider the amount of
stress in our lives ad how we deal with that stress. When people undergo a major upheaval
in their lives, such as losing a spouse, declaring bankruptcy, or being forced to resettles in a
new culture, their chance of dying increases.
Stress
- The negative feelings and beliefs that occur whenever people feel unable to cope
with demands from their environment.
- Your body’s physiological response to threatening events.
- Is the degree to which people have to change and readjust their lives in response to
an external event. Ex. Graduation from university is a happy occasion, but it can be
stressful because of the major changes it sets in motion in one’s life.
- Psychological or physiological stress
Perceived Control
- The belief that we can influence our environment in way that determines whether
we experience positive or negative outcomes.
- Ex patients who had undergone a coronary angioplasty because of diseased
arteries. The people who had a high sense of control over their futures were less
likely to experience subsequent heart problems than those with a low sense of
control. Thus, knowing that we can control our lives gives us more of a chance to
improve our health.
-Believing we can control our lives is one thing; believing that we can actually execute the
specific behaviours that will get us what we want is another.
Self Efficacy
- Albert Bandura
- The belief in one’s ability to carry out specific actions that produce desired
outcomes.
- Ex if Sam believes that he can perform the behaviours that will enable him to
quit smoking-throwing away his cigarettes. Avoiding situations in which he is most
tempted to smoke, distracting himself when he craves cigarette-then chances are he
will succeed. If he has low self-efficacy in this domain, believing that he can’t
perform the behaviour necessary to quit, then he is likely to fail.
- Therefore having high efficacy is an important determinant of whether we succeed.
Explaining Negative Events
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Document Summary

There is more to health than germs and disease-we also need to consider the amount of stress in our lives ad how we deal with that stress. When people undergo a major upheaval in their lives, such as losing a spouse, declaring bankruptcy, or being forced to resettles in a new culture, their chance of dying increases. The negative feelings and beliefs that occur whenever people feel unable to cope with demands from their environment. Your body"s physiological response to threatening events. Is the degree to which people have to change and readjust their lives in response to an external event. Graduation from university is a happy occasion, but it can be stressful because of the major changes it sets in motion in one"s life. The belief that we can influence our environment in way that determines whether we experience positive or negative outcomes. Ex patients who had undergone a coronary angioplasty because of diseased arteries.

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