Textbook Notes (381,165)
CA (168,383)
UTSC (19,323)
Psychology (10,052)
PSYB30H3 (495)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Key Terms

4 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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Chapter 1 – Studying the Person
Ultimate goal of personality psychology is to construct a scientifically credible account
of psychological individuality
Individual differences: characteristics of persons that can be said to differ with respect
to amount or degree from one person to the next. Such concepts as personality ‘traits,
motives, schemas, and stages are typically understood as aspects of individual differences
in personality. These may be contrasted to species typical characteristics, which are
assumed to be more or less universal features of persons, that is, most all members of the
human species.
Traits: those general, internal, and comparative dispositions that we attribute to people in
our initial efforts to sort individuals into meaningful behavioural categories and to
account for consistencies we perceive or expect in behaviour from one situation to the
next and over time.
Big Five: (OCEAN) – many personality psychologists argue that many different
dispositional traits that might be invoked to outline psychological individuality can be
grouped into about five categories
Openness to experience
Conscientiousness
Extraversion
Agreeableness
Neuroticism
TraitAdjective descriptions
Extraversion Sociable, fun-loving, affectionate, friendly,
spontaneous, talkative
NeuroticismWorrying, nervous, high strung, insecure,
self-pitying, vulnerable
Openness to experienceOriginal, imaginative, creative, broad
interests, complex, curious
Agreeableness Good natured, soft hearted, courteous,
forgiving, sympathetic, agreeable
Conscientiousness Conscientious, careful, reliable, well
organized, self-disciplined, preserving
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Description
Chapter 1 Studying the Person Ultimate goal of personality psychology is to construct a scientifically credible account of psychological individuality Individual differences: characteristics of persons that can be said to differ with respect to amount or degree from one person to the next. Such concepts as personality traits, motives, schemas, and stages are typically understood as aspects of individual differences in personality. These may be contrasted to species typical characteristics, which are assumed to be more or less universal features of persons, that is, most all members of the human species. Traits: those general, internal, and comparative dispositions that we attribute to people in our initial efforts to sort individuals into meaningful behavioural categories and to account for consistencies we perceive or expect in behaviour from one situation to the next and over time. Big Five: (OCEAN) many personality psychologists argue that many different dispositional traits that might be invoked to outline psychological individuality can be grouped into about five categories Openness to experience Conscientiousness Extraversion Agreeableness Neuroticism Trait Adjective descriptions Extraversion Sociable, fun-loving, affectionate, friendly, spontaneous, talkative Neuroticism Worrying, nervous, high strung, insecure, self-pitying, vulnerable Openness to experience Original, imaginative, creative, broad interests, complex, curious Agreeableness Good natured, soft hearted, courteous, forgiving, sympathetic, agreeable Conscientiousness Conscientious, careful, reliable, well organized, self-disciplined, preserving www.notesolution.com
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