Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (170,000)
UTSC (20,000)
Psychology (10,000)
PSYB30H3 (500)
Chapter 9

PSYB30H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: The Conscious Mind, Unconscious Mind, Blindsight


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Lisa Fiksenbaum
Chapter
9

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 20 pages of the document.
PSYB30 CHAPTER 9 PSYCHOANALYTIC APPROACHES TO PERSONALITY
Began having problems after finding out his nephew was joining a boys choir like he had
(depressed, irritable)
Recalled a memory of a man he hadn’t seen or thought of for 25 years
o Recalled that Mr. Farmer sexually abused (molested) him at the choir camp
Found others had been molested like him by Farmer
Became sure his memory of abuse was authentic
Got farmer to admit it and sued by the Chorus for knowing but not doing anything
some therapists believe that the cause of the problem resides in the person’s unconscious,
the part of the mind outside the person’s immediate awareness
contend that a memory of a past traumatic event can be completely forgotten yet
nevertheless cause a psychological problem years later
such therapists believe that if they can help make this unconscious memory conscious
helps in recovery
based on freud’s psychoanalysis theory of personality
SIGMUND FREUD: A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY
Excelled in school and got his medical degree
Started out in neurology but realized he’d make more money through private medical
practice
Studied hypnosis and treating patients with “nervous disorders”
began developing the idea that portions of the human mind were outside conscious
awareness
The unconscious is the part of the mind about which the conscious mind has no
awareness
Freud began to surmise that the unconscious mind operated under its own power, subject
to its own motivations and according to its own logic
The Interpretation of Dreams book
o described how the unconscious mind was expressed in dreams and how dreams
contained clues to our innermost secrets, desires, and motives
Faced critique considered politically incorrect by the standards of Victorian morality and
on scientific and ideological grounds
Died of cancer
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

FUNDAMENTAL ASSUMPTIONS OF PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY
Freud’s model of human nature relied on the notion of PSYCHIC ENERGY to motivate
all human activity
o within each person and used the term psychic energy to refer to this wellspring of
motivation- why some are motivated to do one thing and not another
believed that psychic energy operated according to the law of conservation of energy
remains constant throughout life
Personality change was viewed as a redirection of a person’s psychic energy
BASIC INSTINCTS: SEX AND AGGRESSION
innate forces that provided all the energy in the psychic system= INSTINCTS
original theory of instincts was profoundly infl uenced by Darwin’s theory of evolution
initial formulation, there were two fundamental categories of instincts: self-preservation
instincts and sexual instincts
o corresponded exactly to two major components of Darwin’s theory of natural
selection: selection by survival and selection by reproduction
later formulations, Freud collapsed the self-preservation and sexual instincts into one,
which he called the life instinct
death instinct (because of WW1)
o postulated that humans had a fundamental instinct toward destruction and that this
instinct was often manifest in aggression toward others
two instincts were usually referred to as LIBIDO for the life instinct and THANATOS
for the death instinct
o libido was generally considered sexual (wrote about it early in career)
also used to refer any need-satisfying, life-sustaining, or pleasure-oriented
urge
o Thanatos refer to any urge to destroy, harm, or aggress against others or oneself
(wrote about it when facing his own impending death)
Initially believed they worked opposite but later argued that they could combine in
various ways
o Ex. eating
obviously serves the life instinct- consuming nutrients for survival
involves acts of tearing, biting, and chewing= aggressive manifestations
viewed rape as an expression of extreme death instinct, directed toward another person in
a manner that is fused with sexual energy
Because each person possesses a fixed amount of psychic energy, the energy used to
direct one type of behavior is not available to drive other types
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

o person who directs his or her death instinct into a socially acceptable channel, such
as competitive sports, has less energy to expend toward more destructive
o can be directed and redirected in various ways
UNCONSCIOUS MOTIVATION: SOMETIMES WE DON’T KNOW WHY WE DO WHAT
WE DO
According to Freud, the human mind consists of three parts
The CONSCIOUS mind is the part that contains all the thoughts, feelings, and
perceptions that you are presently aware of
o only a small fraction of the information available to you
PRECONSCIOUS MIND: Any piece of information that you are not presently thinking
about, but that could easily be retrieved and made conscious- memories
UNCONSCIOUS MIND: unacceptable information, hidden from conscious view so
well that it cannot even be considered preconscious
o Being aware of them would make the person anxious
o largest part
iceberg metaphor
o The part of the iceberg above the water represents the conscious (perception and
consciousness)
o part that you can see just below the water surface is the preconscious
o part of the iceberg totally hidden from view (the vast majority of it) represents the
unconscious mind
Need to control urges in society
o One way is to keep them from entering conscious
o Ex. getting mad and wishing your parents dead- is distressing and so you bury it in
unconscious
PSYCHIC DETERMINISM: NOTHING HAPPENS BY CHANCE
Freud maintained that there is a reason behind every act, thought, and feeling
o expression of the mindthe conscious, preconscious, or unconscious mind
The Psychopathology of Everyday Life, Freud introduced the idea that the little
“accidents” of daily life are often expressions of the motivated unconscious
o calling someone by the wrong name, missing an appointment, and breaking
something of someone else’s
o motivated activity of the unconscious
Freud taught that most symptoms of mental illnesses are caused by unconscious
motivations
o Example: Anna O
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version