chapter 5 txt book notes

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3 Mar 2011
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Chapter 5
Extraversion
Extraversion - is a broad and bipolar continuum, running from the high end
to the low end. Differences are always matter of degree.
E- large factor in personality, comprised of many smaller factors or facets. A
family related smaller traits.
Social behavior and cognitive performance
We are social beings. Individual differences regarding our sociality should
prove very important to us.
Extraversions captures the words (outgoing, sociable/ shy, inhibited,
withdrawn, taciturn, quiet)
Carl Jung said: extraverts direct psychological energy outward to the social
word. Whereas introverts direct inward toward private thought and fantasy.
Eysenck
Extravert is outgoing sociable, and enthusiastic, somewhat impulsive and
heedless.
Extraverts do more gambling tend to be more sexually active.
Introvert- is more quiet, withdrawn and also more contemplative, deliberate.
Less likely to take bad risk.
Introverts are somewhat more likely to live alone
Wilson and Nias-
Extraverts more permissive in their sexual attitudes than introverts, confess
to higher levels of sex drive, less prone to nervousness and inhibition in
sexual relations.
drawn to and excel in occupations, involve dealing directly with other
people, such as sales, marketing, personnel work.
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Introverts tend to prefer more solitary pursuit, sharing many interests
with artists, research scientists, mathematicians and engineers.
Extraverts and introverts show different cognitive strengths and weakness.
E- show superior performance to introverts on tasks requiring divide
attention , resistance to distraction
Extroverted- locomotive drivers show better detection of railway signal
stimuli, post office trainees tend to perform better on a demanding, speeded
mail coding task
- geared to respond (Brebner & Cooper)
Introverts tend to perform better on tasks requiring vigilance, and careful
attention. Evidence suggests that introverts show better long-term memory
for words and superior performance under conditions of very low arousal.
- geared to inspect (Brebner & Cooper)
Feeling Good
Extraverts report greater levels of positive affect
Conducted number of studies in which they administered self-reports
measures of E and subjective well being to large samples of adults. Measures
of subjective well being tap into two independent features:
Measures of subjective well-being tap into independent features.
E is positively associated with reports of good feelings but unrelated to
reports of bad feelings
Extraverts report more positive affect than introverts.
Introverts appear to dwell on the negative and punitive features of certain
social situations
Extraverts are more likely than introverts to continue responding in the face
of punishment and frustration.
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Extraverts may actually be motivated by punishment to work even faster and
more impulsively.
Extraverts better able to regulate their moods.
Mood regulation is the ability to maintain a positive ration of good to bad
feelings in life.
Regulate emotional states is to keep a positive mood going for as long as
possible. Shown that some people are better than others at savoring a positive
experience deliciously enjoying the experience and making it last.
Extraverts are better able to savor positive experiences than introverts
Extraversion was positively associated with self-reported ability to maintain
a positive emotional balance but was unrelated to the self-reported ability to
repair a negative mood.
Keep good mood going.
No more likely than introverts to report better abilities in coping with
negative mood.
Savoring the positive feelings and keeping the negative ones in check,
extraverts manage to maintain the kind of affective balance in life that leads
to happiness and satisfaction.
Relationship between E and positive affect.
Extraversion is associated both with reporting greater positive affect and
remembering even greater positive affect later than what was reported at the
time.
Found that extraversion was associated with tendency to remember a greater
# of happy scenes from the past.
Associated both with reporting greater positive affect and remembering even
greater positive affect later than what was reported at the time.
Extraversion was associated with the tendency to remember a greater
number of happy scenes from the past.
Extraverts are more assertive in social situations, gives them more social
competence and effectiveness. Positive emotional states may be direct
function of this kind of social skill.
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Document Summary

Extraversion - is a broad and bipolar continuum, running from the high end to the low end. E- large factor in personality, comprised of many smaller factors or facets. Individual differences regarding our sociality should prove very important to us. Extraversions captures the words (outgoing, sociable/ shy, inhibited, withdrawn, taciturn, quiet) Carl jung said: extraverts direct psychological energy outward to the social word. Whereas introverts direct inward toward private thought and fantasy. Extravert is outgoing sociable, and enthusiastic, somewhat impulsive and heedless.  extraverts do more gambling tend to be more sexually active. Introvert- is more quiet, withdrawn and also more contemplative, deliberate. Introverts are somewhat more likely to live alone. Extraverts more permissive in their sexual attitudes than introverts, confess to higher levels of sex drive, less prone to nervousness and inhibition in sexual relations.  drawn to and excel in occupations, involve dealing directly with other people, such as sales, marketing, personnel work. www. notesolution. com.

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