Textbook Notes (380,786)
CA (168,213)
UTSC (19,296)
Psychology (10,044)
PSYB30H3 (492)
Chapter 9

Chapter 9 Notes

7 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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Chapter 9
DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES AND TASKS
Martin Luthers Identity Crisis
-started Protestant Reformation
-first person to translate the Bible into German
-the fit in the choir symbolizes the low point of Luthers identity struggle
-he was obsessed with the church and Bible; constantly praying
-for Luther, religious insights consolidated his new identity
-Eriksons concept of identity is a characteristic of developmental adaptation
Erik Eriksons Theory of Psychosocial Development
-by adopting his own last name, he symbolized the maturation of his own identity
Developmental Stages in Childhood
-Freud was his biggest influence
-Eriksons first five stages roughly parallel Freuds psychosexual stages
-for Erikson, each stage is defined by a polarity in which a positive feature of the stage is
pitted against a negative feature; polarity sets up a psychosocial conflict
-at the end of the stages, changes within the individual and within the individuals social
world combine to create a central conflict that defines the stage
-the conflict must be addressed, but not necessarily resolved, within that stage before the
individual can move on to the next stage
-stages vs Freuds stages are listed on page 351
-Erik noticed major sex differences in the third stage in the ways children carry out
www.notesolution.com
initiative and seek power
-boys intrusive mode of operation; physical attack, aggressive talking, vigorous
locomotion, etc
-girls inclusive mode of operation; teasing, demanding, grasping
The Problem of Identity
-emerging adulthood
-the adolescent or young adult looks back upon childhood now and comes to decide what
childhood meant; you cannot change what literally happened but you can change the
meaning of what happened
Adolescence and Young Adulthood
-Erikson viewed puberty as an ending and a transformation; marking the end of childhood
-three categories of why we confront the identity issue in adolescence: body, cognition,
society
-body: inheriting new adult-like bodies; emergence of sexual characteristics; starts the
realization of identity change
-cognition: cognitive development; less questions about reality and more about questioning
-society: societys expectation about how you should be feeling, thinking, and acting; the
individual and society create identity together
-the relationship between the self and society in the development of healthy identity is best
characterized as one of dynamic tension
Identity Statuses
-formation of identity happens in two steps
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Chapter 9 DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES AND TASKS Martin Luthers Identity Crisis -started Protestant Reformation -first person to translate the Bible into German -the fit in the choir symbolizes the low point of Luthers identity struggle -he was obsessed with the church and Bible; constantly praying -for Luther, religious insights consolidated his new identity -Eriksons concept of identity is a characteristic of developmental adaptation Erik Eriksons Theory of Psychosocial Development -by adopting his own last name, he symbolized the maturation of his own identity Developmental Stages in Childhood -Freud was his biggest influence -Eriksons first five stages roughly parallel Freuds psychosexual stages -for Erikson, each stage is defined by a polarity in which a positive feature of the stage is pitted against a negative feature; polarity sets up a psychosocial conflict -at the end of the stages, changes within the individual and within the individuals social world combine to create a central conflict that defines the stage -the conflict must be addressed, but not necessarily resolved, within that stage before the individual can move on to the next stage -stages vs Freuds stages are listed on page 351 -Erik noticed major sex differences in the third stage in the ways children carry out www.notesolution.com
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