Chapter 9 Notes

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Published on 6 Apr 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB30H3
Chapter 9
DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES AND TASKS
Martin Luthers Identity Crisis
-started Protestant Reformation
-first person to translate the Bible into German
-the fit in the choir symbolizes the low point of Luthers identity struggle
-he was obsessed with the church and Bible; constantly praying
-for Luther, religious insights consolidated his new identity
-Eriksons concept of identity is a characteristic of developmental adaptation
Erik Eriksons Theory of Psychosocial Development
-by adopting his own last name, he symbolized the maturation of his own identity
Developmental Stages in Childhood
-Freud was his biggest influence
-Eriksons first five stages roughly parallel Freuds psychosexual stages
-for Erikson, each stage is defined by a polarity in which a positive feature of the stage is
pitted against a negative feature; polarity sets up a psychosocial conflict
-at the end of the stages, changes within the individual and within the individuals social
world combine to create a central conflict that defines the stage
-the conflict must be addressed, but not necessarily resolved, within that stage before the
individual can move on to the next stage
-stages vs Freuds stages are listed on page 351
-Erik noticed major sex differences in the third stage in the ways children carry out
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initiative and seek power
-boys intrusive mode of operation; physical attack, aggressive talking, vigorous
locomotion, etc
-girls inclusive mode of operation; teasing, demanding, grasping
The Problem of Identity
-emerging adulthood
-the adolescent or young adult looks back upon childhood now and comes to decide what
childhood meant; you cannot change what literally happened but you can change the
meaning of what happened
Adolescence and Young Adulthood
-Erikson viewed puberty as an ending and a transformation; marking the end of childhood
-three categories of why we confront the identity issue in adolescence: body, cognition,
society
-body: inheriting new adult-like bodies; emergence of sexual characteristics; starts the
realization of identity change
-cognition: cognitive development; less questions about reality and more about questioning
-society: societys expectation about how you should be feeling, thinking, and acting; the
individual and society create identity together
-the relationship between the self and society in the development of healthy identity is best
characterized as one of dynamic tension
Identity Statuses
-formation of identity happens in two steps
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Document Summary

First person to translate the bible into german. The fit in the choir symbolizes the low point of luther"s identity struggle. He was obsessed with the church and bible; constantly praying. For luther, religious insights consolidated his new identity. Erikson"s concept of identity is a characteristic of developmental adaptation. By adopting his own last name, he symbolized the maturation of his own identity. Erikson"s first five stages roughly parallel freud"s psychosexual stages. For erikson, each stage is defined by a polarity in which a positive feature of the stage is pitted against a negative feature; polarity sets up a psychosocial conflict. At the end of the stages, changes within the individual and within the individual"s social world combine to create a central conflict that defines the stage. The conflict must be addressed, but not necessarily resolved, within that stage before the individual can move on to the next stage. Stages vs freud"s stages are listed on page 351.