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Chapter 16

PSYB30H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 16: Eleanor Maccoby, Inhibitory Control Test, Standard Deviation


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Lisa Fiksenbaum
Chapter
16

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Personality
Ch. 16 Sex, Gender & Personality (Social & Cultural Domain)
Sex differences:

sex differences.
sex
difference
Gender
Gender stereotypes

gender stereotypes.
The Science & Politics of Studying Sex and Gender
sex differences





!"#sex
differences $%&

'()*sex differences
sex differences

)*sex differences
+

*&"#

History of the Study of Sex Differences
sex differences,-./
0(1The Psychology of Sex Differences1*%23(

!
%
meta-analysis&
Meta-analysis4
5sex differences5
,
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Meta-analysis5
effect size
Calculation of Effect Size: How Large Are the Sex Differences?
6effect sized 7d
standard deviation units).
)d/8/half 
)d,//one full 
)d/98one-quarter
1d1effect sizestandard deviations
):;9//
)effect sizesex differences
4
%6&
d Score Meaning
/9/6/9/ 
/8/6/8/ %
/</6/</ =
!
Positive d scores/9//8/menhigher
Negative d scores6/9/6/8/womenhigher
'6/<8
)effect size8,medium/moderate difference
)effect size6<9large difference

effect sizes
!verbal ability$!d
6/,,
)math$d/,8
!sex difference
>>
!sex differences &
sex differences"#

Minimalists & Maximalists
sex differencessmall or inconsequential(minimalists 

9
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'0 sex differencessmall magnitudes of effect.
Minimalists&?
small magnitude of effect
) *2#"minimalists"#

Minimalist views
(maximalist magnitude of sex difference 
&
sex differencessmall in magnitudelarge in magnitude

maximalist sex differences
&
))*>sex difference
&Maximalist
Sex Differences in Personality
Temperament in Children
Temperament 
545

Sex differencestemperament@6,@
sex differences
Inhibitory controlsex differencesA6/B,

Inhibitory control
Consciousness
Inhibitory control
Perceptual sensitivity5C
sex differences
Surgencysex
differences7A/@<D
0inhibitory controlsurgency?
negative affectivity

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