2. then they learn how to practice psychotherapy, a primarily verbal means of helping
troubled individuals change their thoughts, feelings, and behaviour to reduce distress and to achieve
greater life satisfaction.
Psychiatrist- a physician (M.D) who has taken specialized postdoctoral training, called a residency, in the
diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental disorders.
oMD degree and has post grad training
oCan give physical examinations, diagnosing medical problems, and the like
oA psychiatric nurse specializes in working in the mental health field
Psychoanalyst- a therapist who has taken specialized post doctoral training in psychoanalysis after earning an
MD or PhD degree.
oMost often, the primary aspect of medical practice in which psychiatrists engage is prescribing
psychoactive drugs- chemical compounds that can influence how people think and feel.
oA psychoanalyst has received specialized training at a psychoanalytic institute.
Social Worker- a mental health professional who holds MSW.
oObtains an MSW (master of social work) degree
HISTORY OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
Many early philosophers, theologians, and physicians who studied the troubled mind believed that deviancy
reflected the displeasure of the gods or possession by demons.
demonology- the doctrine that a person’s abnormal behaviour is caused by an autonomous evil spirit.
Examples of demonological thinking are found in the records of the early Chinese, Egyptians, Babylonians, and
Among the Hebrews, deviancy was attributed to possession of the person by bad spirits, after God in his wrath
had withdrawn protection.
Exorcism- the casting out of evil spirits by ritualistic chanting or torture.
oThis took the form of elaborate rites of prayer, noisemaking, forcing the afflicted to drink terrible
tasting brews, and on occasion, they would whip or starve the body.