Identification (freudian notion): children acquire gender identity by identifying with and imitating their same-sex parents. Gender typing: children acquire values, motives, behaviours considered appropriate for their gender in their culture. Gender-based beliefs: ideas and expectations about what"s appropriate behaviour for males and females. Gender stereotypes: beliefs in a culture about how males and females must behave; what behaviour is acceptable" for them. Gender roles: behaviours that typical males and females in a culture actually do. Reflection of gender stereotypes in everyday life. Gender identity: perception of oneself as either masculine or feminine which happens early childhood. Gender-role preferences: desires to possess certain gender-typical characteristics. Sexual preference: preferences for same or opposite sex romantic partners which develop late childhood to adolescence. Men are supposed to be controlling and manipulate the environment. Assertive, dominant, competitive in social and sexual relationships. Women are supposed to emotionally support family. Passive, loving, sensitive, supportive in family and sexual relationships.