PSYB45H3 Chapter Notes -Applied Behavior Analysis, Behaviorism, Ethology

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
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Chapter 28: Future Challenges for the Field and You
Challenges for Behaviour Analysis:
Improving the field of Applied Behaviour Analysis
Sometimes behv change programs fail or doesn’t correct targ behv quickly as desired.
2 reasons:
o 1. Some professionals still use “intuitive” process instead of functional assessments in
choosing treatment
o 2. Techniques not always implemented correctly
Ex: staff may b/cm lax if not carefully trained and monitored
o These can be improved by enhancing the care with which interventions are designed &
implemented
Improving the Effectiveness of Applied Behaviour Analysis:
Decrease aggression, addressed each of the reinforcers in sequence
o Ex: eliminating one reinforcer at a time & rewarding alt. behvs
Multiple baseline design show systematic decreases in prob behv.
Addressing all reinforcers improve success
Behv analysis techniques useful in correcting behv probs & promise prevention of human
suffering and prob behvs
o Ex: interventions preventing teens from developing addictive behvs (train indivs in self
management skills)
Relapse= impt prob
Documenting cost-benefit ratios:
Challenge to justify conducting interventions in relation to financial costs
Cost-benefit ratios extent to which intervention saves more money in the long run than it
costs
Most therapy techniques not yet been subjected to cost benefit analysis
Reducing costs involve using mass media and internet to deliver interventions (internet to
monitor behv and reach large #’s of ppl at low costs)
Increasing the Scope of Behaviour Analysis Application:
60’s behv methods applied in disabled institutional settings
Behaviour analysis application expanded greatly (nurses, students, workers)
Integrating Therapy Approaches:
1st decade after behv therapy applied single techniques such as reinforcement
then began to combine diff behv methods
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Document Summary

Chapter 28: future challenges for the field and you. Sometimes behv change programs fail or doesn"t correct targ behv quickly as desired. Some professionals still use intuitive process instead of functional assessments in choosing treatment: 2. Ex: staff may b/cm lax if not carefully trained and monitored: these can be improved by enhancing the care with which interventions are designed & implemented. Decrease aggression, addressed each of the reinforcers in sequence: ex: eliminating one reinforcer at a time & rewarding alt. behvs. Multiple baseline design show systematic decreases in prob behv. Behv analysis techniques useful in correcting behv probs & promise prevention of human suffering and prob behvs: ex: interventions preventing teens from developing addictive behvs (train indivs in self management skills) Challenge to justify conducting interventions in relation to financial costs. Cost-benefit ratios extent to which intervention saves more money in the long run than it costs. Most therapy techniques not yet been subjected to cost benefit analysis.

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