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Chapter 22- The Token Economy
- token economy- reinforcement system in which
conditioned reinforcers called tokens are delivered to
people for desirable behaviours: the tokens are later
exchanged for backup reinforcers
- token- something that can be given to another person
and accumulated by that person. It’s a conditioned
reinforcer because it is given to the person after a
desirable behaviour
- backup reinforcer- client receives tokens for
desirable behaviour and exchanges a specified
number of tokens for any of a variety of backup
reinforcers
- purpose of a token economy is to strengthen desirable
behaviours in clients
- limiting access to the backup reinforcers increases
their reinforcing value because a relative state of
deprivation is established
- the change agent should always deliver the tokens
immediately after the desirable target behaviour
- response cost is easier to implement in a token
economy because the recipient has accumulated
tokens that may be removed contingent on the
occurrence of the problem behaviour
- cognitive coping skills training- the person learns
specific self statements for use in a problem situation
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Document Summary

Token economy- reinforcement system in which conditioned reinforcers called tokens are delivered to people for desirable behaviours: the tokens are later exchanged for backup reinforcers. Token- something that can be given to another person and accumulated by that person. It s a conditioned reinforcer because it is given to the person after a desirable behaviour. Backup reinforcer- client receives tokens for desirable behaviour and exchanges a specified number of tokens for any of a variety of backup reinforcers. Purpose of a token economy is to strengthen desirable behaviours in clients. Limiting access to the backup reinforcers increases their reinforcing value because a relative state of deprivation is established. The change agent should always deliver the tokens immediately after the desirable target behaviour. Response cost is easier to implement in a token economy because the recipient has accumulated tokens that may be removed contingent on the occurrence of the problem behaviour.

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