Chapter 1 – behaviour modification
Defining human behaviour, what is behaviour?
Behaviour is what people do and say. Behaviour describes a person’s actions. It is not static if
you say a person is angry you have not defined the behaviour, you have simply labelled it if you
say what that person does or says when angry then you have identified behaviour. Ex. I screamed
at my bother ran upstairs and slammed the door. This description is labeled as anger
What physical dimensions of behaviour can be measured?
•Frequency : number of times it has occurred ex, bit fingernails 12 times in class
•Duration : time from when behaviour starts and stops ex, jogged for 25 minutes
•Intensity : physical force ex, bench pressed 220 pounds
•Behaviours can be observed, and described by others or the person doing it therefore it
can be recorded since it is an action.
Physical or social impact on the environment?
Behaviours can have both impacts (Other people and ourselves) since behaviour is an action that
involves movement through time and space. Sometimes the effect is obvious ex, you turn on the
light switch (an effect of the physical environment) ex, you raise your hand in class and prof calls
on you ( and effect on other people) ex, recite phone number out loud so you can remember it
( an effect on yourself),
Behaviour is lawful: its occurrence is systematically influenced by the environmental events.
Once you understand the environmental events that cause behaviours to occur you can change the
events in the environment to alter the behaviour.
Behaviour can be overt: action that can be observed and recorded other then the person
engaging in that behaviour.
Behaviour can be covert: private events cannot be observed ex thought.
EXAMPLES OF BEHAVIOUR ON PAGE 4
Defining behaviour modification, what is behaviour modification?
Field of psychology concerned with analyzing and modifying human behaviour. Analyzing-
identifying relationship btwn environment and behaviour. Modifying- developing procedures to
help change behaviour, involves altering environment.