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Chapter 14

Chapter 14: Applying Extinction

2 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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B45: Behaviour Modification
Chapter 14: Applying Extinction
STEPS IN USING EXTINCTION
1.Collect data to assess treatment effects.
2.Identify the reinforcer for the problem behaviour through functional assessment.
3.Eliminate the reinforcer after each instance of the problem behaviour.
a.Have you identified reinforcer?
b.Can you eliminate reinforcer?
c.Is extinction safe to use?
d.Can an extinction burst be tolerated?
e.Can consistency by maintained?
4.Consider the schedule for the reinforcement for the problem behaviour.
5.Reinforce alternative behaviours.
6.Promote generalization and maintenance.
USING EXTINCTION TO DECREASE A PROBLEM BEHAVIOUR
Collecting Data to Assess Treatment Effects.
You must record the problem behaviour before and after the use of the extinction procedure to determine
whether the behaviour decreased when extinction was implemented.
If you are conducting research to experimentally evaluate the effects of the extinction procedure, an
acceptable research design and assessment of observer reliability also are needed.
Identifying the Reinforcer for the Problem Behaviour Through Functional Assessment.
Must identify the specific reinforce for the problem behaviour so that you can eliminate it in an extinction
procedure.
Eliminating the reinforcer after each instance of the problem behaviour.
Have you identif ied the reinforcer? – you cannot eliminate the reinforcer unless you know what it
is.
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Description
B45: Behaviour Modification Chapter 14: Applying Extinction STEPS IN USING EXTINCTION 1. Collect data to assess treatment effects. 2. Identify the reinforcer for the problem behaviour through functional assessment. 3. Eliminate the reinforcer after each instance of the problem behaviour. a. Have you identified reinforcer? b. Can you eliminate reinforcer? c. Is extinction safe to use? d. Can an extinction burst be tolerated? e. Can consistency by maintained? 4. Consider the schedule for the reinforcement for the problem behaviour. 5. Reinforce alternative behaviours. 6. Promote generalization and maintenance. USING EXTINCTION TO DECREASE A PROBLEM BEHAVIOUR Collecting Data to Assess Treatment Effects. You
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