PSYB45H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 29: Token Economy, Intellectual Disability, Literature Review

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13 Aug 2016
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Chapter 29
ARTICLE - Matson & Boisjoli (2009): The Token Economy For Children With
Intellectual Disability And/Or Autism: A Review
-Literature review focused on the use of token economies with children with
intellectual disability (ID) or autism
-Longstanding history (50+ years) of using this approach with these clinical
populations
-Helps to promote skills building, rather than only focusing on suppressing
maladaptive behaviour
-Flexible approach
-What types of behaviours are targeted in token economies?
oSocial behaviours
oClassroom behaviours (e.g, remaining in seat)
oSymptoms of autism (e.g., enhancing speech, interpersonal skills)
-Children need certain skills for a token economy to work
oChild must understand that the token stands for something else
(backup reinforcers)
oChild must be able to forgo immediate receipt of the backup
reinforcer
oNeed for some level of computational skills
-Despite good evidence, historical decline in the popularity of token
economies in the literature
oNotion that token economies are too controlling and coercive?
oToken economies focus on external reinforcement and reduce intrinsic
motivation?
oToken economies can give a bad message? (e.g., losing points for bad
behaviour)
What might be some advantages in having members of the token economy
themselves function as sources of help within the program?
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