Textbook Notes (381,015)
CA (168,316)
UTSC (19,303)
Psychology (10,047)
PSYC12H3 (303)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1

2 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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Chapter 1: Introduction to the study of stereotyping and prejudice
Groups are the basic building blocks of society
Ingroups: group members tend to favour their own groups over other groups to which they do not
belong (outgroup)
Prejudice: practical perspectives that form the basis for negative feelings about other groups
Stereotypes: believing that certain characteristics are associated with other groups
Schema: defined as cognitive structure that represents knowledge about a concept or type of
stimulus, including its attributes and relations among those attributes
Attitude: a general evaluation of some object
Discrimination: any negative behaviour directed toward an individual based on their membership
in a group
Prejudice can be based on affective, cognitive, or behavioural sources and can result in cognitive,
behavioural or affective expressions of prejudice
Of cognitions that are attached to a specific emotion
How we react to any given outgroup member depends on:
oWhat self- category is salient for us at that moment
oIn what context the interaction occurs
oHow that person helps or hinders our movement toward salient personal or group goals at
that time
Prejudice:
oOccurs between groups
oInvolves an evaluation (positive or negative) of a group
oIs a biased perception of a group
oIs based on the real or imagined characteristics of the group
Dollard et al. frustration theory: frustration leads to aggression, and a special type of aggression
is feelings of prejudice toward others
Berkowitz: any negative feeling leads to aggressive feelings
Lecture 1
When is something prejudice?
Content
What was said? How was it said? Legitimate generalization?
Intention
Meant to harm?
Conviction
Does the person truly believe what he/she said?
Context
Power between parties
Stereotype: A set of attributes & traits associated with a group of people (social category).
Prejudice: Biased evaluation of a group based on the traits associated with that group.
Discrimination: Negative behaviour towards someone based on their group membership.
Stereotypes as abnormal vs. Stereotypes as normal psychological process
Based on active categorization
We have to categorize, to learn
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Description
Chapter 1: Introduction to the study of stereotyping and prejudice Groups are the basic building blocks of society Ingroups: group members tend to favour their own groups over other groups to which they do not belong (outgroup) Prejudice: practical perspectives that form the basis for negative feelings about other groups Stereotypes: believing that certain characteristics are associated with other groups Schema: defined as cognitive structure that represents knowledge about a concept or type of stimulus, including its attributes and relations among those attributes Attitude: a general evaluation of some object Discrimination: any negative behaviour directed toward an individual based on their membership in a group Prejudice can be based on affective, cognitive, or behavioural sources and can result in cognitive, behavioural or affective expressions of prejudice Of cognitions that are attached to a specific emotion How we react to any given outgroup member depends on: o What self- category is salient for us at that moment o In what context the interaction occurs o How that person helps or hinders our movement toward salient personal or group goals at
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