Chapter 3 notes

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Published on 17 Feb 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC18H3
Chapter 3: Cultural understanding of emotions
-Frankenstein: movie showed romanticism settings, emphasis of natural, distrust of the
artificial, humans arrogantly overstepping boundaries, exploiting natural law and the
construction of risky technological systems
-Elements of a cultural approach to emotion
oRomanticism
Period of time, theme was that values, concepts and ideas about self
expressed in ar, rituals, social practices and institutions
Shaped how society experienced emotions, group/socially specific and not
universal
Culturally shaped emotions
1) Shaped by cultures beliefs and values
2) Roles ppl play fulfill culture specific identities and
relationships
Batja Mesquita
oCultural approaches focus on practice of emotion (not
potential for emotion)
oPotential means that in a specific situation, you will act
the same way in terms of expression and physiology
oPractice refers to culture specific ways to act...which
different from culture to culture
-Self construal approach: independent an interdependent selves
oIndependent self
Western
I am autonomous
Unique
Behaviour caused by internal influences
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oInterdependent view self
Asian, south American, African
Connected to others
Behaviour result of social context
Fulfill roles and duties
oThese both have types of individualism
Ones assertiveness and distinctiveness
oCollective vs individualism
Imperative to find ones status, identity, and role within community
In Japan, emotion ofAmae”
Emotion of interdependence, merged togetherness from comfort in
others complete acceptance
-The values approach
oBroad principles that govern social behaviour
oValues govern how members of a culture coexist in communities and allocate
resources
oHow to pursue goals, fulfill duties and punish moral violations
oCulture puts priorities to values like freedom, rights, equality, sexual purity
oElicitors
Emotions that reflect values
Cultures that value honour have various elicitor emotions (shame, pride,
guilt)
oHypercognized
Special names for emotions
Certain emotions seem conceptualized
China and honor
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Document Summary

Frankenstein: movie showed romanticism settings, emphasis of natural, distrust of the artificial, humans arrogantly overstepping boundaries, exploiting natural law and the construction of risky technological systems. Elements of a cultural approach to emotion: romanticism. Period of time, theme was that values, concepts and ideas about self expressed in ar, rituals, social practices and institutions. Shaped how society experienced emotions, group/socially specific and not universal. Self construal approach: independent an interdependent selves: independent self.  behaviour caused by internal influences www. notesolution. com: interdependent view self. Fulfill roles and duties: these both have types of individualism.  ones assertiveness and distinctiveness: collective vs individualism. Imperative to find ones status, identity, and role within community. Emotion of interdependence, merged togetherness from comfort in others complete acceptance.  cultures that value honour have various elicitor emotions (shame, pride, guilt: hypercognized. Shame, emotion connected to this, reinforces social hierarchies , signals respect for those in power.