PSYD18H3 Chapter Notes -Mixed-Sex Education, Androcentrism

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Published on 14 Oct 2012
Minton, Henry
During the turn of the 20th century, women begin to work more ( 1 in 5 women had a job, over the
age of fifteen)
New man ideals- men became very percieved about their sense of maniless
They percieved threats over women coming to the workplace and fear that women were trying to
take control of the nations culture
Additionally, they felt fustrated in thier attempts to be self reliant in the work world, due to the
new corporate centarlization reducing their opporutunities for advancement
Also a threat for working class men, too many immigrants
working man sense of manyless is rooted in the psyciality of their work
The idealization of manyless shifted from Victorian veneration of character and emotional
restraint, to the expression of passionate manhood through unstrained primitive acts
Minton tries to show that the shifting meanings of gender coincided with American Psychology
Androcentric bias:
Gender served as the subject of psychological discourse
Gender was used metaphorically to project a conceptual framework for psychological practice
Stanely Hall
focused much of his writing on gender as a subject
Leader against co-education, wrote extensively about sex differences
Stanely Hall believes in evolutionary recapitulation
Thought the adolescence to 25 years was the critical year for gender socialization
Women should prepare for womenhood/ bear genius sons
Embraced the passionate ideal of masculinity
Was scared about the feminization of men, felt that women needed to requlenish their hold on
adolescent boys and give control over to fathers
Felt that boys needed to be given an opporutunity to express their animal/primitiver
characteristics, this would give them masucline strength to overcome feminity
Therefore he encouraged bullying, violence
James Cattell
Also expressed concern over females teaching boys how to be men
Used gender as a framework for constructing his vision of psychology
Dismissed introspection in favour of quantification and measurement
Stressed the need to control human nature
William James
Also saw the value of militarism and strenous life
Wanted to the creation of an army of young men who would engage in physical labor for various
peactice civic projects
Outlined two pilosophical temperaments, 1)tough minded empirical materialist approach 2)
Tender minded abstract, idealist approach
This mirrored the masculine-feminine binary
Most women chose to emulate approaches to psychology that were championed by their male
Some women chose not too,like Helen Thompson
Not until 1960s that psychology androcentric bias would be seriously challenged
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