Textbook Notes (369,205)
Canada (162,462)
Psychology (9,699)
PSYA01H3 (1,206)
Steve Joordens (1,058)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2 Study Guide

7 Pages

Course Code
Steve Joordens

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 7 pages of the document.
Chapter 2 The Way and Means of Psychology The Scientific Method in Psychology -scientific method rules procedures that scientists follow in research -based on logic and common sense -originally devised by philosophers -psychologists conduct 3 major types of scientific research 1. Naturalistic Observation & Clinical Observation -observation of people & animals 1) natural environment, 2) undergoing treatment, 3) diagnosis for a psychological condition -provided foundations of biological & social science -for example, Darwin`s classification of animals, plants, fossil theory of evolution Montessori watched children in classroom idea about child development Broca`s treatment of his patient who could not speak location of the language region in brain 2. Correlational Studies -observational in nature, but involves more formal measurement -environmental event, individual`s physical & social characteristic & behaviour -examine relations of these measurements 3. Experiment -identify causal relations among events Progressive Sequence in Research -naturalistic observation provide context of the problem -identify phenomenon & indicate something about magnitude -correlational evidence relation between observations -systematic investigation produce concrete evidence about causal role Rules of Scientific Method in Cause-And-Effect Relations 1. Identify problem & formulate hypothetical cause-and-effect relation among variable -identify variables, describe relation among them 2. Design the experiment -manipulation of independent variable, observation of dependent variables -each variable must be operationally defined -independent variable must be controlled 3. Perform the experiment -organize material, train people, recruit volunteer, randomly assign volunteer 4. Evaluate the hypothesis by examining the data from the study -involves math procedures to determine observed effect is statistically significant 5. Communicate the results -description of procedure, results, discussion of their significance www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.