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PSYA02H3 (931)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 10

Chapter 10

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University of Toronto Scarborough
John Bassili

Chapter 10 Psycholinguistics: A branch of psychology devoted to the study of verbal behaviour. They are more concerned with human cognition than with the particular rules that describe language. They are interested in how children acquire language: verbal behaviour develops and how children learn to speak from their interactions with adults also study how adults use language and verbal abilities to interact with other cognitive abilities When we speak, we produce a series of sounds in a continuous stream, punctuated by pauses and modulated by stress and changes in pitch. The auditory system recognizes the patterns underlying speech rather than just the sounds themselves. Some regions of the brain responded more when people heard human vocalizations than only natural sounds. When it comes to analyzing the detailed information of speech, the left hemisphere plays a larger role. Phoneme: the minimumsmallest unit of sound that conveys meaning in a particular language, such as p. eg. PIN has 3 phonemes p + i + n Voice-onset Time: the delay between the initial sound of a consonant (such as the puffing sound of the phoneme p) and the onset of vibration of the vocal cords Vocal cords dont vibrate until air from your lungs passes through them. Vocal cords vibrate 0.06 seconds slowerlater when saying pa Regions of the left auditory cortex seem to specialize in recognizing the special aspects of speech Morpheme: The smallest unit of meaning in language. Phonemes are combined to form morphemes. Free Morpheme: can stand on its own and still have meaning - fast Bound morpheme: cannot stand on their own and must be attached to other morphemes to provide meaning Able to recognize the sounds because of the context. Context affects the perception of words through top-down processing. Other contexts also affect word perception. Syntactical Rule: A grammatical rule of a particular language for combining words to form phrases, clauses and sentences (learnt implicitly) Syntactical cues are signaled by www.notesolution.com
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