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PSYA02H3 (961)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 10

Chapter 10 Notes

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John Bassili

Chapter 10 Language Language: flexible systems that use symbols to express many meanings Project Washoes success on taught of species to use sign language conclude that verbal ability is a social behaviour Human use language as tools of thinking and remembering, for example, we often we can extend our long term memory for information by writing notes and consulting them later It also enables us to think abstract issues by manipulating words using logical rules Psycholiguistics: a branch of psychology devoted to the study of verbal behaviour are more concerned with human cognition than with the particular rules that describe languages, they are interested of how people develops the verbal behaviour from learning environment and how verbal abilities interact with other cognitive abilities SPEECH AND COMPREHENSION: the ability to engage in verbal behaviour confers decided advantages on our species. Such as listening and reading profit the experience of others, through talking and writing, we can influence others and as well learn from them Perception of Speech Speech contains series of sounds in a continuous stream, punctuated by pauses and modulated by stress and changes in pitch. Speech does not come to us as a series of individual words; we must extract the words from the stream of speech Recognition of Speech Sounds: we tend to clearly distinguish individuals sounds from others around us. we do depends on the speakers accent, how they pause and it is same like our ability to recognize the faces visually the auditory system recognizes the patterns underlying speech rather than just the sounds themselves The use of functional imaging technologies fMRI scans, Belin, Zatorres, and Ahad (2002) found that some regions of the brain responded more when people heard human vocalizations (both speech and non-speech) than when they heard only natural sounds. Regions in which there was a large difference were located in the temporal lobe, on the auditory cortex When it comes to analyzing the detailed information of speech, the left hemisphere plays a larger role and this detailed information is called elements of speech or phonemes www.notesolution.com
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