Textbook Notes (368,333)
Canada (161,803)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYA02H3 (961)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 16

CHAPTER 16: LIFESTYLE, STRESS, AND HEALTH - TEXTBOOK NOTES

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili
Semester
Winter

Description
CHAPTER 16: LIFESTYLE, STRESS, AND HEALTH Cultural Evolution: Lifestyle Choices and Consequences Cultural evolution the adaptive change of a culture to recurrent environmental pressures. Cultural evolution is driven mainly by psychological forces. Cultural evolution is a product of human intellect and physical capacity, both of which have strong genetic components. Cultural evolution has been the primary agent involved in shaping lifestyle, the aggregate behaviour of a person, or the way a person leads his or her life. Today, there is nor predominant lifestyle; cultural evolution has afforded us the luxury of choosing among many alternatives. Most of us in Western cultures no longer worry only about how to stay alive; we now worry about how to spend our spare time, or about how to have more of it. Cultural evolution has resulted in a much higher standard of living than that of our prehistoric or even our relatively modern ancestors. However, cultural evolution has also produced threats to our health and safety, like people can be hit by cars. The law of effect undoubtedly plays a powerful role in cultural evolution one that appears to be analogous to the role of natural selection in biological evolution. The law of effect states that behaviours that produce favourable consequences tend to be repeated, and those that produce unfavourable consequences tend not to be repeated. Cultural practices and customs that result in reinforcement tend to be maintained, if not elaborated. Many unhealthy behaviours have reinforcing consequences in the short run and damaging consequences in the long run. Many unhealthy behaviours are maintained because they tend to be available on a version of revolving credit instead of buy now, pay later, it takes the form of enjoy now, suffer later. www.notesolution.com
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