Textbook Notes (368,330)
Canada (161,803)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYA02H3 (961)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 15

Chapter 15

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John Bassili

Chapter 15 Social Psychology Social Cognition - impression formation - impression formation, the way in which we integrate information about anothers traits into a coherent sense of who the person is. - schema - A central theme is the schema, a mental framework of knowledge that organizes and synthesizes information about a person, place or thing. Understanding is greater when - central peripheral traits people know the topic title of something before it is introduced. - central traits, introduced by Asch, organize and influence our understanding of other traits. The cold-warm dimension either gives way for farther positive or negative assumptions - primacy effect to be made about a person. Words such as polite and blunt did not have this same effect and are thus peripheral traits. - First impressions are formed based on incoming information; the information gathered first generally prevails - self-concept in our opinions of that person (primacy effect). - self self-schema - The way you describe yourself is an expression of your self- concept, your knowledge, feelings, and ideas about yourself (self-identity). - cross-cultural studies - The self is a persons distinct individuality rooted by your self-schema. - cross-cultural psychologists are interested in the effects of cultures on behaviour. - western eastern cultures - If similar studies performed with members of different cultures produce similar results, we can be more confident that we have discovered a general principle that applies broadly to members of our species. - Western cultures emphasize their uniqueness as something to appreciate (think of the starving children) whereas - attribution Eastern cultures emphasize the paying attention to others - internal external factors (think of the farmer who worked). - The process by which people infer the causes of other peoples behaviour is called attribution. Internal and external factors help develop schemata of how we expect - consensual behaviour people will act in certain situations. - distinctiveness - Kelley suggested what we attribute the behaviour of the people to external or internal causes on the basis of three types of information: - Consensual behaviour: behaviour enacted in common - consistency by a large number of people in a particular situation. - Distinctiveness: the extent to which a person performs a particular behaviour only during a particular type of event - attribution bias or towards a particular person or thing. - fundaental - Consistency: whether a persons behaviour occurs reliably over time. attribution error - See table 15.1 - belief in a just word - When attributing an actors behaviour to possible causes, - actor-observer effect and observer tends to overestimate the significance of www.notesolution.com
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