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Canada (158,217)
Psychology (9,573)
PSYA02H3 (932)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 15

PSYA02 chapter 15 notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
John Bassili

Chapter 15 Social Psychology Social psychology: the branch of psychology that studies our social nature how the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others influences our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors Social Cognition Social cognition: processes involved in perceiving, interpreting, and acting on social information Schemata and Social Cognition Impression formation: the way in which we integrate information about anothers traits into a coherent sense of who the person is Schema o Mental framework or body of knowledge that organizes and synthesizes information about a person, place, or thing o Aids us in interpreting the world Central Traits o Personality attributes that organize and influence the interpretation of other traits o Impart meaning to other known traits and suggest the presence of yet other traits that have yet to be discovered The Primacy Effect o The tendency to form impressions of people based on the first information we receive about them o Reflects greater attention to trait information presented early than to that presented late o More pronounced for participants who were mentally fatigued than for those who were relatively alert o People may generate trait like labels from observing a persons behavior Brown & Bassili www.notesolution.com The Self Self-concept: self-identity; ones knowledge, feelings, and ideas about oneself o How you perceive yourself and interpret events that are relevant to defining who you are Self: a persons distinct individuality Self-schema: a mental framework that represents and synthesizes information about yourself o Cognitive structure that organizes the knowledge, feelings, and ideas that constitute the self-concept Self-concept is dynamic; it changes with experience Culture and Social Psychology Cross-cultural psychology: studies effects of culture on behavior Culture group of people who live together in a common environment, who share customs and religious beliefs and practices, and who often resemble each other genetically Cultures differ with respect to 2 major classes of variables biological and ecological Biological variables diet, genetics, and endemic diseases Ecological variables geography, climate, political systems, population density, religion, cultural myths, and education Behavioral differences result from differences in biological and ecological variables Construe interpret something or to explain its meaning Independent construal emphasizes the uniqueness of the self, its autonomy from others, and self-reliance Interdependent construal emphasizes that interconnectedness of people and the role that others play in developing an individuals self-concept Clarity how confident people are that they possess particular attributes, how sharply defined they believe those attributes are, and how internally and temporally consistent they think their attributes are www.notesolution.com
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