Textbook Notes (363,507)
Canada (158,391)
Psychology (9,573)
PSYB01H3 (585)
Chapter 3

Chapt 3 - psyb01.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
David Nussbaum

Chapt 3 “obedience” experiments by Stanley milgram: a thought experiment where if you give an incorrect response, the teacher (pretends to) shock the learner, learner begins making fewer and fewer corrections code of conduct: 83 standards that psychologists need to consider how to practice discipline ethically - must give paramount importance to rational concerns and emotional needs that will help shape their responses to our actions Nuremberg war crime trials: horrific medical experiements conducted by nazi doctors in the name of “science” Tuskegee syphilis study: African American men were denied a cure to learn the natural course of illness Belmont report: established 3 basic ethical principles for protection of human subjects 1. Respect for persons: treating persons as autonomous agents and protecting those with diminished authority 2. Beneficence: minimizing possible harms and maximizing benefits 3. Justice: distributing benefits and risks of research fairly Institutional review board (IRB): reviews research proposals, apply ethical standards that are set by federal regulations but can be expanded or specified by IRB itself Office for protection from research risks: monitors IRBs, with the exception of research involving drugs The American Psychological Association (APA)’s principles of specific ethical standards: 1. Principle A: Beneficence and Nonmaleficence - psychologists strive to benefit those and take care to do no harm - attempt to solve conflict in a responsible fashion that avoids/minimizes harm 2. Principle B: Fidelity and Responsibility - establish relationships of trust with those with whom they work - maintain professional and scientific responsibilities to society and scientific communities - cannot be for personal advantage 3. Principle C: Integrity - seek to promote accuracy, honesty and truthfulness in the science, teaching and practice of psychology - do not steal, cheat or engage in fraud, subterfuge or intentional misrepresentation of fact 4. Principle D: Justice - psychologists recognize fairness and justice entitle all persons to access to and benefit from contributions of psych and to equal quality in the processes, procedures and services 5. Principle E: Respect for people’s rights and dignity - respect the dignity and worth of all ppl and the rights of individuals to privacy, confidentiality, and self determination - respect cultural, individual and role differences (including age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, language, and socio-economic status) - eliminate the effect of biases and prejudice Achieving Valid Results (Principle B: Fidelity and Responsibility) - cannot ask people to answer questions, submit to observations, or participate in experimental procedures if we are simply seeking to verify our own existing prejudices Maintaining professional integrity (Principle C) - scientists need to be open in disclosing their methods and honest in presenting their findings - in order to assess the validity of a researcher’s conclusions and the ethics of their procedures, you need to know exactly how research was conducted Protecting Research participants (Principle A: Beneficence and Nonmaleficence) 1. Avoiding harming research participan
More Less

Related notes for PSYB01H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.