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Canada (162,168)
Psychology (9,697)
PSYB01H3 (581)
Chapter 14

Chapter 14 - Detailed & Easy to Learn

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Connie Boudens

Chapter 14 Generalizing Results Internal validity refers to the ability to infer that there is a causal relationship between variables External validity is the extent to which the findings may be generalized GENERALIZING TO OTHER POPULATIONS OF RESEARCH PARTCIPANTS College students o Are most often used in experiments o Tend to be very young and to possess the characteristics of late adolescence: a sense of identity that is still developing, social and political attitudes that are in a state of flux, a high need for peer approval, and unstable peer relationships o They are intelligent, have high cognitive skills, and know how to win approval from authority o A great deal of research with animals relies solely on white rats because theyre hardy, cheap, easy to rear and well adapted to laboratory existence Volunteers o Volunteers differ from non-volunteers o Volunteers tend to be more highly educated, more in need of approval, and more social; they also tend to have a higher socioeconomic status o Different kinds of people volunteer for different kinds of experiments (theyre selective about what they join or sign up for) Gender considerations o Sometimes researchers use either males or females simply because the is convenient or the procedures seem better suited to either males or females o The solution to gender bias is to simply be more away of possible gender differences and include both males and females in research investigations o It is important to recognize the ways that males and females might differentially interpret independent variable manipulation or questions asked in a questionnaire Locale o Participants in one locale may differ from participants in another locale Generalization as a statistical interaction www.notesolution.com
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