Answers for Chapter 10 Questions on Complex Experimental Designs
1. In a study by Chaiken and Pliner (1987), research participants read an “eating diary”
of either a male or a female stimulus person. The information in the diary indicated
that the person ate either large meals or small meals. After reading this information,
participants rated the person’s femininity and masculinity.
a)Identify the design of this experiment.
2 x 2
b)How many conditions are in the experiment?
c)Identify the independent variable(s) and the dependent variable(s).
IVs: Gender of the stimulus person and size of the meal
DV: Ratings of femininity and masculinity
d)Is there a participant variable in this experiment? If so, identify it. If not, can you
suggest a participant variable that might be included?
Yes, gender of the stimulus person.
2. Chaiken and Pliner reported the following mean femininity ratings (higher numbers
indicate greater femininity): male-small meals (2.02), male-large meals (2.05),
female-small meals (3.90), and female-large meals (2.82). Assume there are equal