Textbook Notes (368,456)
Canada (161,890)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYB01H3 (581)
Anna Nagy (283)
Chapter 1

PSYB01 Textbook Notes - Chapter 1

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Anna Nagy

Chapter 1 Scientific Understanding of Behavior Uses of Research Methods Having knowledge of research methods allows us to evaluate studies presented to the public (ie eating disorders are more common in warm climates) and think critically about whether or not the conclusions are reasonable Many occupations require the use of research findings (ie. mental health professions) and it is important to recognize that scientific research has become increasingly important in public policy decisions. Politicians frequently take political positions based on research findings. It can also influence judicial decisions, as exemplified by the Social Science Brief used as evidence in the case of Brown v. Board of Education. Important when developing and assessing the effectiveness of programs designed to achieve certain goals The Scientific Approach Many people, incorrectly, rely on intuition and authority instead of scientific research. The Limitations of Intuition and Authority When you rely on intuition you accept unquestioningly what your own personal judgment or a single story tells you about the world. Often, it involves finding an explanation for our own behavior or the behavior of others (ie. I fight with people at work because they want my job) or to explain intriguing events (ie. couples tend to get pregnant after they adopt) The problem is that numerous cognitive and motivational biases affect our perception, therefore we draw erroneous conclusions. Illusionary correlation occurs when we focus on two events that stand out and occur together. We are biased to conclude that there must be a causal connection because we are highly motivated to believe the causal relationship. Authority Aristotle would argue that we are more likely to be persuaded by a speaker who seems prestigious, trustworthy, and respectable than by one who lacks such qualities. Many people are all to ready to accept anything they learn from the news media, books, government officials, or religious figures, for they believe the statements to be true, but they may very well be false. Science rejects the notion of accepting on faith and requires evidence. www.notesolution.com
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