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Chapter 11

chapter 11- Aggression.doc

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Elizabeth Page- Gould

Social PsychologyChapter 11 AggressionWhat is AggressionAggressionIntentional behavior aimed at causing either physical or psychological pain It can be physical or verbal aggressionThe key component of aggression is intention an act is viewed as aggressive only if it was intentional Eg a drunk driver hitting someone with their car is not considered aggressionHostile Aggressionan act of aggression stemming from feelings of anger and aimed at inflicting painInstrumental AggressionAggression as a means to some goal other than causing painThere is still intentional hurting in instrumental aggression however the hurting comes as a means to get some other goal It does not involve hurting someone because of anger ex a football game you dont mean to tackle someone to inflict pain you tackle them to get them out of your way so you can score a touchdownIs Aggression Inborn or LearnedThe evolutionary argument is that males are aggressive for two reasons1To establish dominance over other males Stems from the idea that females will choose the male who is most likely to provide the best genes2They will aggress jealously to make sure their mates are not copulating with others to ensure their paternityCrime statistics provide evidence for the evolutionary argument showing that males are most likely to engage in violence during their peak reproductive years teens and twentiesYoung males typically engage in aggressive acts when it comes to issues of respect or jealouslyExperiments on isolated rats show that aggression does not need to be learned and that experience can modify aggressionChimpanzees and Bonobos humans closest relatives are also known to be aggressive especially chimpanzees Chimps kill each other at the same rate as humans do in huntergatherer societies
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