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Canada (161,663)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYB30H3 (485)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Key Terms

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Marc A Fournier

Chapter 1 Studying the Person Ultimate goal of personality psychology is to construct a scientifically credible account of psychological individuality Individual differences: characteristics of persons that can be said to differ with respect to amount or degree from one person to the next. Such concepts as personality traits, motives, schemas, and stages are typically understood as aspects of individual differences in personality. These may be contrasted to species typical characteristics, which are assumed to be more or less universal features of persons, that is, most all members of the human species. Traits: those general, internal, and comparative dispositions that we attribute to people in our initial efforts to sort individuals into meaningful behavioural categories and to account for consistencies we perceive or expect in behaviour from one situation to the next and over time. Big Five: (OCEAN) many personality psychologists argue that many different dispositional traits that might be invoked to outline psychological individuality can be grouped into about five categories Openness to experience Conscientiousness Extraversion Agreeableness Neuroticism Trait Adjective descriptions Extraversion Sociable, fun-loving, affectionate, friendly, spontaneous, talkative Neuroticism Worrying, nervous, high strung, insecure, self-pitying, vulnerable Openness to experience Original, imaginative, creative, broad interests, complex, curious Agreeableness Good natured, soft hearted, courteous, forgiving, sympathetic, agreeable Conscientiousness Conscientious, careful, reliable, well organized, self-disciplined, preserving www.notesolution.com
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