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PSYB30H3 (485)
Chapter 1

Lecture 1: Chapter 1 (lecture and book notes combined)

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Marc A Fournier

LECTURE 1 CHAPTER 1STUDYING THE PERSON Goalto construct a scientifically credible account of psychological personalitypersonality psychologists study differences in peopleWhat Do We Know When We Know a Person personality traitsgeneral internal and comparative dispositions that we attribute to people in our effort to sort individuals in behavioral categories and to account for consistencies we expect to see from one situation to the nextmost common procedure used to quantify individual differences in traits is to use selfreport questionnairesgood trait measures have been used to predict behavior overtime and across situationsthe many dispositional traits are grouped into 5 categories The Big Five o Openness to experience O o Conscientiousness C o Extraversion E o Agreeableness A o Neuroticism N The Big Five traits provide a comprehensive description of basic dimensions of variability in human psychological qualities that are implicated in consequential social behaviorTrait attributions are useful because they tell us about trends in behavior over time an across different situations Characteristic adaptationscontextualized facets of psychological individuality that speak to motivational cognitive and developmental concerns in personalityThere are 3 categories of theories on characteristic adaptations o Human motivationwhat people fundamentally wantdesireHuman needsGoalsstrivings o Cognition and personalityvalues beliefs plans schemas personal constructs o Developmentalevolution of the self and relationship with othersStagesPathwaysDevelopmental paths Dispositional traitspersonality structure characteristic adaptationspersonality dynamics process and changeIdentityproblem of unity and purpose in life as we face when moving from adolescence into adulthoodChallenge of identity is to realize that even though I have different parts I am still one person and that the passage of time makes me who I am now and will be in the futureIntegration of the self into an identity is constructed through a life story
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