Textbook Notes (363,065)
Canada (158,171)
Psychology (9,565)
PSYB32H3 (1,174)
Chapter 1


2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Konstantine Zakzanis

PSYB32 Chapter 1 Statistical Infrequency - Normal curve (or bell-shaped curve) places the majority of people in the middle - Person considered normal if they do not deviate much from the average in a certain trait or behaviour pattern Violation of Norms - Another characteristic to take into account is whether the behaviour violates social norms or threatens or makes anxious those observing the behaviour Personal Distress - Behaviour is abnormal if it causes great distress and torment in the person experiencing it Disability or Dysfunction - Disability: impairment in some important area of life Unexpectedness - Distress and disability are considered abnormal when they are UNEXPECTED responses to environmental stimuli History of Psychopathology  Early Demonology - Demonology: Doctrine that an evil being, such as the devil, may dwell within a person and control his or her mind and body - Exorcism: casting out of evil spirits by ritualistic chanting or torture o Took the form of elaborate rites of prayer, noisemaking, forving the afflicted to drink bad-tasting brews, and flogging and starvation - Trepanning: making of a hole in the skull of a person to release evil spirits from the head o It was a way of treating conditions such as: epilepsy, headaches and psychological disorders attributed to demons within the cranium  Somatogenesis - Hippocrates became the father of medicine - One of the very earliest proponents of somatogenesis: notion that something wrong with the soma (physical body disturbs thought and action - Psychogenesis: belief that a disturbance has psychological origins - Hippocrates classified mental disorders as: o Mania o Melancholia o Phrenitis (brain fever) - Believed in natural over supernatural cau
More Less

Related notes for PSYB32H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.