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Chapter 14

Chapter 14- detailed textbook notes for final exam

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Mark Schmuckler

CHAPTER 14Morality Altruism and Aggressiony One of the most basic tasks of socialization is communicating ethical standards to the developing child and shaping and enforcing the practice of good behaviours y Parents control the young childs behaviour largely through immediate external factors such as displeasure and punishmenty As child matures they begin to regulate their own behaviour by means of internalized standards of conduct y Internalization is the fundamental process in the development of moralityy Three basic concepts of morality o Cognitive involves knowledge of ethical rules and judgements of the goodness or badness of various acts o Behavioural peoples actual behaviour in situations that invoke ethical considerationso Emotional peoples feelings about situations and behaviours that involve moral and ethical considerationsy Empathy the capacity to experience the same emotion that someone else is experiencingPiagets Cognitive Theory of Moral Development y Suggests that childs moral concepts evolve in an unvarying sequence through three stages 1 Premoral stage lasts until age 5 Show little concern or awareness of rulesThey dont do things with the intention of winning but they do things to gain satisfaction by exploring2 Moral realism ages 6 to 10Develop great concern and respect for rules that come from authoritySee rules as immutable unchanging and not to be questioned Moral absolutism think that all children think and behave the same waySimilar rigidity in the way that children approach social interactions my mommy saysImmanent justice the notion that any deviation from ruled will inevitably result in punishment or retribution Children evaluate the seriousness of an act solely in terms of its consequencesTwo factors that contribute to moral realism are the childs egocentrism inability to subordinate their own experiences and to perceive situations as others may and their immature way of thinking leads them to confuse external reality with their own thought processes and subjective experiences3 Morality of reciprocity autonomous morality age 11 onwardsChilds moral judgements are now characterized by the recognition that social rules are arbitrary agreements that can be questioned and changed
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