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Chapter 1

Abnormal Psychology Chapter 1 Introduction (1).docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough

Abnormal Psychology Chapter 1 Introduction Psychopathology – the field concerned with the nature and development of abnormal behaviour, thoughts and feelings Abnormal behaviour – includes characteristics such as statistical infrequency, violation of norms, personal distress, disability or dysfunction, and unexpectedness Violation of norms – threatens or makes anxious those observing it - Cultural diversity can affect how people view social norms Personal distress – behaviour is abnormal if it creates great distress and torment in the person experiencing it Disability – impairment in some important area of life because of an abnormality Dysfunction – complete inability to perform a function Mental Health Professionals Clinician – professionals authorized to provide psychological services, they include many types Clinical psychologist – requires a Ph.D. or Psy.D. They learn techniques of assessment an diagnosis of mental disorders (they learn the skills necessary to determine that a patient’s symptoms or problems indicate a particular disorder. They also practice psychotherapy, a primarily verbal means of helping troubled individuals change their thoughts, feelings, and behaviour to reduce distress and to achieve greater life satisfaction Psychiatrist – has a MD degree and has had postgraduate training called residency (received supervision in the practice of diagnosis and psychotherapy.) psychiatrists function as physicians giving physical examinations, diagnosing medical problems and prescribe psychoactive drugs. Psychoanalysts – receive spe
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