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Chapter 6

Chapter 6

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 6 Punishment Defining Punishment Three parts to the definition of punishment: o A particular behavior occurs, o A consequence immediately follows the behavior o As a result, the behavior is less likely to occur in the future A punisher is a consequence that makes a particular behavior less likely to occur in the future A Common Misconception About Punishment Most people define punishment as something meted out to a person who has committed a crime or other inappropriate behavior Everyday meaning of punishment is different from the behavioral modification meaning Positive and Negative Punishment Positive punishment the occurrence of behavior is followed by the presentation of an aversive stimulus and as a result, the behavior is less likely to occur in the future Negative punishment the occurrence of behavior is followed by the removal of a reinforcing stimulus and as a result, the behavior is less likely to occur in the future Reinforcement strengthens a behavior or makes it more likely to occur in the future, whereas punishment weakens a behavior or makes it less likely to occur in the future Contingent exercise based on Premack principle: if after engaging in a problem behavior, a person has to do something he or she doesnt want to do, the person will be less likely to engage in the problem behavior in the future Punishment results in an immediate decrease in behavior, whereas extinction takes longer Two examples of negative punishment: o Time-out from positive reinforcement person is removed from a reinforcing situation for a brief period after the problem behavior occurs o Response cost lose points that were once earned o Both involve the loss of a reinforcing stimulus or activity after the occurrence of a problem behavior www.notesolution.com
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