Textbook Notes (368,245)
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PSYB45H3 (1,081)


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Zachariah Campbell

CHAINING Chapter11 Prompts are used to evoke a behaviorTransfer or Stimulus control is used to eliminate the prompts and get the behavior to occur in the presence Dof the relevant discriminative stimulus S These procedures are used to develop simple discriminations Involves behavior occurring in the correct situationComplex behavior consisting of many component behaviors that occur together in a sequence is called a behavioral chainExamples of Behavioral Chains When you want a piece of chewing gumengage in a sequence of responses A Reach into your pocketB Pull out the pack of gumC Pull a single stick out of the packD Unwrap the piece of gumE Put the gum into your mouthAll behavior occurs in a sequence you can engage in a particular behavior only if the previous behavior has been completed Analyzing StimulusResponse ChainsEach behavior chain consists ofof individual stimulusresponse components that occur together in a sequenceBehavioral chain is often called StimulusResponse ChainD Each behavior or response in the chain produces a stimulus change that acts as an S for the next response in the chainThe whole stimulusresponse chain is under stimulus controlBehavioral chain continues only if the last response in the chain results in a reinforcing consequenceEach response creates the stimulus DDsituation that is the S for the next S 1R1 DresponseS 2R2 D The next response in the chain depends S 3R3Don the occurrence of the previousS 4R4 DresponseS 5R5ReinforcerWe can make the outcome of the chain more reinforcing by means of an establishing operationEg Establishing operation might be having a bad taste in your mouth bx of onions so the fresh breath would be reinforcing at the time Task AnalysisProcess of analyzing a behavioral chain by breaking down into its individual stimulusresponse components is calledtask analysisFirst identify all the behaviors that are necessary to perform the taskwrite down in orderD Next identify the S associated with each behavior in the taskTeaching the task to a person involves discrimination training with each stimulusresponse component of the behavioral chainyou must have a detailed task analysisA task analysis to identify the right sequence of behaviors in a chain may be conducted in various waysEg Horner and Keilitztaught adolescents with intellectual disabilities to brush their teeth
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