Textbook Notes (368,245)
Canada (161,733)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYB45H3 (1,081)
Chapter

textbook11.docx

5 Pages
101 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell
Semester
Winter

Description
CHAINING Chapter11 Prompts are used to evoke a behaviorTransfer or Stimulus control is used to eliminate the prompts and get the behavior to occur in the presence Dof the relevant discriminative stimulus S These procedures are used to develop simple discriminations Involves behavior occurring in the correct situationComplex behavior consisting of many component behaviors that occur together in a sequence is called a behavioral chainExamples of Behavioral Chains When you want a piece of chewing gumengage in a sequence of responses A Reach into your pocketB Pull out the pack of gumC Pull a single stick out of the packD Unwrap the piece of gumE Put the gum into your mouthAll behavior occurs in a sequence you can engage in a particular behavior only if the previous behavior has been completed Analyzing StimulusResponse ChainsEach behavior chain consists ofof individual stimulusresponse components that occur together in a sequenceBehavioral chain is often called StimulusResponse ChainD Each behavior or response in the chain produces a stimulus change that acts as an S for the next response in the chainThe whole stimulusresponse chain is under stimulus controlBehavioral chain continues only if the last response in the chain results in a reinforcing consequenceEach response creates the stimulus DDsituation that is the S for the next S 1R1 DresponseS 2R2 D The next response in the chain depends S 3R3Don the occurrence of the previousS 4R4 DresponseS 5R5ReinforcerWe can make the outcome of the chain more reinforcing by means of an establishing operationEg Establishing operation might be having a bad taste in your mouth bx of onions so the fresh breath would be reinforcing at the time Task AnalysisProcess of analyzing a behavioral chain by breaking down into its individual stimulusresponse components is calledtask analysisFirst identify all the behaviors that are necessary to perform the taskwrite down in orderD Next identify the S associated with each behavior in the taskTeaching the task to a person involves discrimination training with each stimulusresponse component of the behavioral chainyou must have a detailed task analysisA task analysis to identify the right sequence of behaviors in a chain may be conducted in various waysEg Horner and Keilitztaught adolescents with intellectual disabilities to brush their teeth
More Less

Related notes for PSYB45H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit