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PSYB45H3 (1,081)
Chapter 3

PSYB45H3 Y Chapter 3.docx

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Zachariah Campbell

PSYB45 Chapter 3 Graph – visual representation of the occurrence of a behavior over time 6 components for a graph to be complete: 1) y- and x-axis 2) labels for the axis 3) numbers of the axis 4) data points 5) phase lines – indicates a change in treatment 6) phase lables a. Baseline – label given to the no-treatment phase Research design - Determines whether treatment (IV) influenced target behavior (DV) - to rule out possibility of confounding variables affecting DV Functional relationship – behaviour changes as a function of the procedure - Established if o DV changes when IV is manipulated, while all other variables are held constant o Process is repeated one or more times and DV changes each time A-B Design – 2 phases: A=baseline, B=treatment - compares ______________ and ________________ to determine whether the behavior changed in the expected way after treatment - does not demonstrate a functional relationship (treatment is not implemented a 2 time)nd - not a true research design (does not rule out possible confounding variables) - Is rarely used in behavior modification research (most often isused in applied, nonresearch situations in which people are more interested in demonstrating that behavior change has occurred than in proving that the behavior modif
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