PSYB45H3 Y Chapter 14 (p.303-318)
Steps in using extinction
1. Collect data to assess treatment effects
2. Identify the reinforcer for the problem behavior through functional assessment
3. Eliminate reinforcer after each instance of the problem behavior
a. Identify reinforcer
b. Can reinforcer be eliminated?
c. Is extinction safe to use?
d. Can extinction burst be tolerated?
e. Can consistency be maintained?
4. Consider schedule of reinforcement for problem behavior
a. Affects rate at which behavior during extinction
i. When problem behavior is reinforced on a continuous schedule:
extinction is rapid
ii. When problem behavior is reinforced by an intermittent reinforcement
schedule, problem behavior is likely to gradually during extinction