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Chapter 1

PSYB45 - Chapter 1.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell
Semester
Summer

Description
Behavior Modification – Principles & Procedures Chapter 1 – Introduction to Behavior Modification  Behavior: involves a person’s actions  what people do and say; it is described with action verbs o For ex., saying someone is angry doesn’t identify the behavior, it simply labels the person. If you identify what the person says or does when angry, then you’ve identified behavior o Behaviors have one or more dimensions that can be measured:  You can measure frequency, you can count the number of times a behavior occurs  You can measure duration, or the time from when an instance of behavior starts until it stops  You can measure intensity, the physical force involved in the behavior  You can measure latency, the time from an event to the start of behavior o Behavior is lawful; that is, its occurrence is systematically influences by environmental events o Behavior may be overt or covert  most often, behavior modification procedures are used to understand and change overt behaviors  Overt behavior is an action that can be observed and recorded by a person other than the one engaging in the behavior  Covert behavior, also called private events, are not observable to others (ex., thinking)  Behavior modification: the field of psychology concerned with analyzing and modifying human behavior o Analyzing means identifying the functional relationship between environmental events and a particular behavior to understand the
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