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Chapter 8

PSYB45 - Chapter 8.docx

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Zachariah Campbell

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Behavior Modification: Principles & Procedures Chapter 8 – Respondent Conditioning  Operant conditions: reinforcement, extinction, punishment and stimulus control  Operant behaviors are controlled by their consequences; operant conditioning involves the manipulation of consequences  In contrast, respondent behaviors are controlled (elicited) by antecedent stimuli, and respondent conditioning involves the manipulation of antecedent stimuli  Unconditioned responses (UR) are elicited by antecedent stimuli even though no conditioning or learning has occurred  A UR occurs in all healthy people when an unconditioned stimulus (US) is presented—We say that the US elicits the UR  Respondent conditioning is also called classical conditioning or Pavlovian conditioning  The unconditioned stimulus should occur immediately after the onset of the neutral stimulus, so it could become a conditioned stimulus  In trace conditioning the neutral stimulus precedes the unconditioned stimulus, but the neutral stimulus ends before the US is presented (effective)  In delay conditioning the neutral stimulus is presented and then the unconditioned stimulus is presented before the NS ends (effective)  In simultaneous conditioning the NS and US are presented at the same time  In backward conditioning the US is presented before the NS  An NS can become a CS wh
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