Textbook Notes (368,875)
Canada (162,227)
Psychology (9,697)
PSYB65H3 (479)
Ted Petit (185)
Chapter 7

[*] Chapter 7 - PSYB65 B65 Memory {Complete} Ted Petit

65 Pages
Unlock Document

Ted Petit

CHAPTER 7MEMORY PSYB65DEFININING MEMORYability to consciously recall specific eventfactsMODULE 71TYPES OF MEMORIESmost memory researchers believe that memory is not a unitary phenomenonvareity of memory systems that are subserved by a number of different neural systems within the brain existence of multiple memory systems might account for these apparent discrepencies in how we describe memory What is Memory1D LEARNINGrelatively permanent change in behaviour as a function of experiencetypically demonstrated a by having organism demonstrate change in behaviour as a result of experience or b showing that organism recalls or remembers these experiences and changes its behaviour accordingly learning and memory are two sides of the same coincalled experiencedependent behaviourLearning and memory studiesNoteinferentialexperimenters watch behaviour and infer that someone is learning or remembering on the basis of what the person doeslearning and memory depend critically on each other2Way some researchers have suggested to make division between learning and memoryLearningconcerned with D ENCODINGattending to the information and D CONSOLIDATIONstoring the memory for later use Memoryconcerned with D RETRIEVALretrieving the information from where it is storedproblems with either encoding consolidation or retrieval of information will result in impairment in functionunless you know which one in particular is problem involving will not be able to tell whether the problem resulted from failure to learn or failure to remember good storage leads to good retrievalsee Figure 71p209Sensory Memory and ShortTerm Memory1memory requires information that is gathered by the senses to be preceived and encodedNeiser et althere are shortterm sensory memories DD ICONIC MEMORYvisualbased shortterm visually based sensory memory much of what is known about this relies on using a tachistoscopedevice that permits stimuli to be presented for extremely short periods of time D ECHOIC MEMORYsoundbased sensory memoryICONIC MEMORY2Sperlings experiments1subjects presented with three rows of 4 letters for 50msthen asked to name all the letters that they could remember findingsubjects typically remembered about 3 or 4 of the 12 letters
More Less

Related notes for PSYB65H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.