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PSYC18H3 (275)
Chapter 3

PSYC18 Chapter 3.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC18H3
Professor
Gerald Cupchik
Semester
Summer

Description
PSYC18 Chapter 3 Construction of emotions in the west  There is a distrust of and appreciation for emotion  Darwin and plato distrusted  Appreciation for emotion came about in era of romanticism  Rousseau responsible for the romantic spirit  Religious sensibility is based on how you feel  Fascinated by the natural  Many of the themes of romanticism in Frankenstein  Emphasis on the natural  Disgust of the artificial  Apprehensions of humans overstepping their boundaries The elements of a cultural approach to emotion  Values, concepts, and ideas about the self shape how members for particular societies experience emotion  These matters are not universal  Emotions are constructed primarily by the processes of culture  How emotions are valued and elicited are based on culture specific practices. These practices have been affected by historical and economic forces  Emotions derive from culture specific human meanings  Like languages or works of art from different cultures  Emotions can be thought of as roles people play in order to fulfill some cultural identity  Cultural approach focuses on the practice of emotion, not their potential for emotion  Potential = if a person was put in a lab and stimulated, would they show universal emotion facially, physiologically etc.  Practice = what happens in people’s day to day emotional lives  People seem to be similar in their emotional potential (Darwinism bitch!) but different in practice  Self construal approach: independent and interdependent selves  Individualism = self separate from others. Define self according to unique traits and preferences. Self is relatively constant over time.  Collectivist = fundamentally connected with other people. Find status and role within the community. Self is fluid and dynamic, changing with context.  Japanese amae = emotion of interdependence arising from a kind of merged togetherness  Ideogram = breast on which baby suckles  The values approach  Look at differences in emotion in terms of different values  Makoto = sincerity in English = doing something with most expertise, minus inner conflict  People from different cultures attach different priorities to values  Cultures that have different importance in certain values experience different elicitors of emotions related to that value.  Emotions related to more important values are more easily elicited  Respect for HY means embarrassment/ shame (appeasement) is more easily ellicited  Hypercognized emotions are easily recognized, have special names, and is the subject of social discussion. Emphasized in the language of the culture.  Hypocognized emotions are not noticed in some cultures. Do not have names or commented upon  Epistemological approach  Episte
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