Textbook Notes (368,800)
Canada (162,168)
Psychology (9,697)
PSYC31H3 (106)
Chapter

PSYC31 Ch 1

3 Pages
104 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC31H3
Professor
Konstantine Zakzanis
Semester
Winter

Description
PSYC31 Chapter 1: Theory and Practice of Neuropsychological Assessment Any of 6 purposes will prompt a psychological evaluation:  Diagnosis  Patient Care  Treatment-1: Identifying Treatment Needs  Treatment-2: Evaluating Treatment Efficacy  Research  Forensic Questions Diagnosis  Neuropsychological assessment can be useful in - Discrimination between psychiatric and neurological symptoms - Identifying a possible neuropsychological disorder in a nonpsychiatric patient - Distinguish between different neurological conditions - Providing behavioural data for localizing the site of the lesion  Contributions o Patient care and treatment o Understanding the behaviour phenomena and brain function  Due to the development of noninvasive neurodiagnostic techniques that are highly sensitive and reliable for many diagnostic purposes  Accurate diagnosis (including localization of a lesion) is often achieved by means of the neurologists’s examination and laboratory devices  Laboratory analysis may not be diagnostically helpful  neuropsychological findings are crucial in these cases o Even when the site and extent of a brain lesion have been shown on imaging, the image will not identify the nature of residual behavioural strengths and deficits  Toxic encephalopathies  Alzheimer’s disease and related dementing processes  Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) o Localized lesions may appear similar on neuroimaging but can have different psychosocial outcomes o Cognitive assessment can document mental abilities that are inconsistent with anatomic findings  A patient’s level of functioning may exceed expectations based on neuroimaging  Neuropsychological assessment can aid in prediction o Outcome of a diagnosed condition o Likelihood that a neuropathological condition will manifest o Practical consequences of a particular kind of brain impairment  Huntington’s diseases, TBI  Screening o Identify persons most likely at risk for some specified condition or in need of further diagnostic study Patient Care and Planning  Precise descriptive information about cognitive and emotional status is essential for careful management of many neurological disorders  Understand the patient’s capabilities and limitations, the kinds of psychological change they are undergoing, and the impact of these changes on their experiences of themselves and on their behaviour  Data from successive neuropsychological examinations repeated at regular intervals can provide reliable indications of whether the underlying neurological condition is changing o Repeated testing is recommended to:  Evaluate performance inconsistencies in patients with attentional deficits  Deterioration on repeated testing can identify a dementing process early in its course  Measure the effects of surgical procedures, medical training, or retraining  Brain impaired patients must have factual information about their functioning to understand themselves and to set realistic goals o Their need for this information is often overlooked  Distrust of their experiences is a problem shared by many brain damaged persons o Feelings of strangeness and confusion  Self-doubt of the brain injured person is referred to as “perplexity” o Perplexity  not knowing if you’re right  Usually distinguishable from neurotic self-doubts about life goals, values, principles, etc  Can be as painful and emotionally crippling  Careful reporting and explanati
More Less

Related notes for PSYC31H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit