Sociologists theorize about education by considering how educational institutions work. Considering how globalizing processes are shifting priorities in education) Considering the daily work of teachers in schools. Theorists not only explain educational processes but also investigate changes in education. Because schools function as social systems, parsons argued that they need both to serve an and interests of the society in which they operate. Schools help children to make the transition from being immersed in their individual home future citizens able to function as workers in competitive spaces and as participants in pub. Schools help to maintain the equilibrium of the social system through two functions: Assigning grades and handing out certificates, diplomas, and degrees. Schools act as a sorting mechanism for future roles in society. Education credentials matter as an indication of where people may find thems hierarchy. Functionalists view this social hierarchy, or structural inequality, as a necessar it helps maintain equilibrium in the system i.