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Canada (158,171)
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SOCA01H3 (480)
Chapter 1


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University of Toronto Scarborough
Sheldon Ungar

SOCA01H3 Hazelmae Valenzuela September 5, 2013 TEXTBOOK NOTES - CHAPTER ONE CHAPTER ONE GOALS 1. Dismiss foggy assumptions = social relations influence suicide rates. 2. Sociological research = not an academic exercise but a desire to improve social world. 3. Sociology = aid to understand our century  understand social phenomena then suggest ways improving society. P4 Sociological maps "allow us to grasp interplay of ppl&society of biography & history." (C.Wright Mills) see your place in world learn how to navigate worldperhaps how to improve it. P5 SUICIDE = COMMON PERSPECTIVE antisocial / non-social accondemned by society committed in private rare in canada SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE: Suicide = patterns of social relations that encourage / inhibit suicide.  compared to ppl's belief that suicide is based on the individual's state of mind. P6 EMILE DURKHEIM'S DISCOVERY ON SUICIDE: (1951 [1897]) P7 SOCIAL FORCES influence suicide rates, not PROVED - high rates of psychological desperate act relied on psych disorder. disorder ≠ high suicide rates SUICIDE RATES VARIED BASED ON DEGREE OF SOCIAL SOLIDARITY  Degree of interaction w/ social groups.  Degree shared beliefs & values  Degree of intensity / frequency of interactions. RESULTING: high solidarity = lower suicide rates. more anchored high solidarity firmer stable decreases likelihood ofower suicide in society individuals committing suicide rates During Durkheim's time: suicide = rare among youth.  more common now, social solidarity = lower decades ago esp w/ cdn youth. CAUSES OF STRONG SOCIAL TIES / MORAL PRINCIPLES ERODED: P8 1. RELIGIOUS ATTENDANCE ↓ 2. UNEMPLOYMENT ↑ 3. RATE OF DIVORCE ↑ ONE EXAMPLE: INNU LABRADOR SUICIDE - highest suicide rate in Canada / World  social solidarity = abysmally low level. CAUSES OF ABYSMALLY LOW SOCIAL SOLIDARITY: 1. Past 6 decades Innu's traditional & culture = desGOV&CDN LAWS forcing the continuation of normal social interactions such as: P9 hunting&trapping livelihood. nomadic ways discouragement of raising children traditionally. RESULTING: loss of stability in traditional culture & Innu people's society. SOCA01H3 Hazelmae Valenzuela September 5, 2013 Social structures = relatively stable patterns of social relations. 3 SOCIAL STRUCTURES: 1. MICROSTRUCTURES - face to face interaction (intimate social relations). eg: family, friendship circles & work associations. 2. MACROSTRUCTURES - lie outside / above circle of intimate acquaintances. P10
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