September 5, 2013
TEXTBOOK NOTES - CHAPTER ONE
CHAPTER ONE GOALS
1. Dismiss foggy assumptions = social relations influence suicide rates.
2. Sociological research = not an academic exercise but a desire to improve social world.
3. Sociology = aid to understand our century
understand social phenomena then suggest ways improving society.
P4 Sociological maps "allow us to grasp interplay of ppl&society of biography & history." (C.Wright Mills)
see your place in world learn how to navigate worldperhaps how to improve it.
SUICIDE = COMMON PERSPECTIVE
antisocial / non-social accondemned by society committed in private rare in canada
Suicide = patterns of social relations that encourage / inhibit suicide.
compared to ppl's belief that suicide is based on the individual's state of mind.
EMILE DURKHEIM'S DISCOVERY ON SUICIDE: (1951 )
SOCIAL FORCES influence suicide rates, not PROVED - high rates of psychological
desperate act relied on psych disorder. disorder ≠ high suicide rates
SUICIDE RATES VARIED BASED ON DEGREE OF SOCIAL SOLIDARITY
Degree of interaction w/ social groups.
Degree shared beliefs & values
Degree of intensity / frequency of interactions.
RESULTING: high solidarity = lower suicide rates.
more anchored high solidarity firmer stable decreases likelihood ofower suicide
in society individuals committing suicide rates
During Durkheim's time: suicide = rare among youth.
more common now, social solidarity = lower decades ago esp w/ cdn youth.
CAUSES OF STRONG SOCIAL TIES / MORAL PRINCIPLES ERODED:
1. RELIGIOUS ATTENDANCE ↓ 2. UNEMPLOYMENT ↑ 3. RATE OF DIVORCE ↑
INNU LABRADOR SUICIDE - highest suicide rate in Canada / World
social solidarity = abysmally low level.
CAUSES OF ABYSMALLY LOW SOCIAL SOLIDARITY:
1. Past 6 decades Innu's traditional & culture = desGOV&CDN LAWS forcing the continuation
of normal social interactions such as:
P9 hunting&trapping livelihood. nomadic ways discouragement of raising children traditionally.
RESULTING: loss of stability in traditional culture & Innu people's society. SOCA01H3
September 5, 2013
Social structures = relatively stable patterns of social relations.
3 SOCIAL STRUCTURES:
1. MICROSTRUCTURES - face to face interaction (intimate social relations).
eg: family, friendship circles & work associations.
2. MACROSTRUCTURES - lie outside / above circle of intimate acquaintances.