Chapter 1

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Published on 1 Dec 2010
School
UTSC
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA01H3
Professor
SOCA01 t CHAPTER 1
Do social structures exist?
x Examining social forces:
x Known to exist because there are consequences
x ^}]o(}l}~ÆW]uuÇo]v}ÀW^(]}uU(]
serve)
x Social Solidarity refers to
1. The degree to which group members share beliefs and values, and
2. The intensity and frequency of their interactions
x Social Structures are relatively stable patterns of social relations that affect our thoughts,
feelings, actions, and identity t Social structures last
x Microstructures are the patters of relatively intimate social relations formed during face-to-face
interaction. Families, friendship circles, and work associations are all examples of
microstructures
x Macrostructures are overarching patterns of social relations that lie outside and above your
circle of intimates and acquaintances. Macrostructures include classes, bureaucracies, and
power systems, such as patriarchy t Education, income
x Patriarchy is the traditional system of economic and political inequality between women and
men
x Global structures are patterns of social relations that lie outside and above the national level.
They include international organizations, patters of worldwide travel and communication, and
the economic relations between countries t Global economy
- Durkheim claims that suicide is the cause of mainly social issues
- Sociological explanation of suicide (Emile Durkheim): at the end of the 19th century,
demonstrated suicide rates were strongly influences by social forces
o Examined association between rates of suicide and rates of psychological disorder for
different groups
o Found suicide rates and rates of psychological disorder did not vary directly, and often
appeared to vary inversely
Different beliefs = poor integration
Poorly integrated societies (Ex: modern society - diverse) = organic societies/organic solidarity
Traditional societies = mechanically integrated
Social solidarity goes down = suicide rates go up t inverse relationship
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Document Summary

N known to exist because there are consequences. N social solidarity refers to serve: the degree to which group members share beliefs and values, and, the intensity and frequency of their interactions. N social structures are relatively stable patterns of social relations that affect our thoughts, feelings, actions, and identity j social structures last. N microstructures are the patters of relatively intimate social relations formed during face-to-face interaction. Families, friendship circles, and work associations are all examples of microstructures. N macrostructures are overarching patterns of social relations that lie outside and above your circle of intimates and acquaintances. Macrostructures include classes, bureaucracies, and power systems, such as patriarchy j education, income. N patriarchy is the traditional system of economic and political inequality between women and men. N global structures are patterns of social relations that lie outside and above the national level.