SOCA01H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1-2: Protestant Work Ethic, Antonio Gramsci, Talcott Parsons
Four traditions of sociology: functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism, feminism. Stresses that human behaviour is governed by relatively stable social structures, govern human relationships, eg, durkheim emphasized how patterns of social solidarity influence suicide rates. Macrostructures are typically the social structures analyzed by functionalist. It underlines how social structures maintain or undermine social stability. Emphasizes that social structures are based mainly on shared values or preferences, and suggests that re-establishing equilibrium can best solve most social problems. Talcott parsons: (north american), identifying how various institutions must work to ensure smooth operation of society as a whole. Robert merton: (na) proposed that social structures have different consequences for different groups of people. Dysfunctional - merton: consequences are effects social structures that create social instability. Manifest functions: obvious and intended effects of social structures. For example, a manifest function of schools is to transmit skills from one generation to the next.