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SOCA02H3 (310)
Chapter 14

SOCA02 textbook notes for chapter 14 - politics

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

Chapter 14 Politics Introduction What is Politics? Key Terms Power: ability to impose ones will on others Authority: is legitimate, institutionalized power Power is legitimate when people regard its use as morally correct or justified Power is institutionalized when the norms and statuses of social organizations govern its use Traditional authority: the norm in tribal and feudal societies, involves rulers inheriting authority through family or clan ties. The right of a family or clan to monopolize leadership is widely believed to derive from the will of a god Legal-rational authority: typical of modern societies. Derives from respect for the law. Laws specify how a person can achieve office. People generally believe these laws are rational. If someone achieves office by following these laws, people respect his or her authority Charismatic authority: based on belief in the claims of extraordinary individuals that they are inspired by a god or some higher principle Political revolution: overthrow of political institutions by an opposition movement and its replacement by new institutions Political sociology is mainly concerned with institutions that specialize in the exercise of power and authority State: consists of the institutions responsible for formulating and carrying out a countrys laws and public policies The state compromises institutions that formulate and carry out a countrys laws and public policies Civil society: private sphere of social life o Domestic world, the economic sphere, cultural activities and political interaction www.notesolution.com
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