Textbook Notes (378,598)
CA (167,188)
UTSC (19,212)
Sociology (1,063)
SOCA02H3 (310)
Chapter 14

SOCA02 textbook notes for chapter 14 - politics

7 Pages
125 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 7 pages of the document.
Chapter 14 Politics
Introduction
What is Politics? Key Terms
Power: ability to impose ones will on others
Authority: is legitimate, institutionalized power
Power is legitimate when people regard its use as morally correct or justified
Power is institutionalized when the norms and statuses of social organizations
govern its use
Traditional authority: the norm in tribal and feudal societies, involves rulers
inheriting authority through family or clan ties. The right of a family or clan to
monopolize leadership is widely believed to derive from the will of a god
Legal-rational authority: typical of modern societies. Derives from respect for the
law. Laws specify how a person can achieve office. People generally believe these
laws are rational. If someone achieves office by following these laws, people respect
his or her authority
Charismatic authority: based on belief in the claims of extraordinary individuals
that they are inspired by a god or some higher principle
Political revolution: overthrow of political institutions by an opposition movement
and its replacement by new institutions
Political sociology is mainly concerned with institutions that specialize in the
exercise of power and authority
State: consists of the institutions responsible for formulating and carrying out a
countrys laws and public policies
The state compromises institutions that formulate and carry out a countrys laws
and public policies
Civil society: private sphere of social life
oDomestic world, the economic sphere, cultural activities and political
interaction
www.notesolution.com
oOrganized by private or voluntary arrangements between individuals and
groups outside the direct control of the state
Authoritarian state: sharply restrict citizen control of the state
Totalitarian state: citizens lack almost any control of the state
Democracy: citizens exercise a high degree of control over the state. They do this
mainly by choosing representatives in regular, competitive elections
Political parties: organizations that compete for control of government. In the
process, they give voice to policy alternatives and rally adult citizens to vote
Lobbies: organizations formed by special interest groups to advise and influence
politicians
oTrade unions and business associations
oRemind politicians how much their members votes, organizing skills, and
campaign contribution matter
Mass media: print, radio, television, and other communication technologies. In a
democracy, the mass media help keep the public informed about the quality of
government
Public opinion: refers to the values and attitudes of the adult population as a
whole
Theories of Democracy
Pluralist Theory
Holds that power is widely dispersed. As a result, no group enjoys disproportionate
influence, and decisions are usually reached through negotiation and compromise
Different groups of people decided various political issues
No single group exercised disproportionate power
Elite Theory
Holds that small groups occupying the command posts of the most influential
institutions make the important decision that profoundly affect all members of
society. Moreover, they so without much regard for elections or public opinion
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Chapter 14 Politics Introduction What is Politics? Key Terms Power: ability to impose ones will on others Authority: is legitimate, institutionalized power Power is legitimate when people regard its use as morally correct or justified Power is institutionalized when the norms and statuses of social organizations govern its use Traditional authority: the norm in tribal and feudal societies, involves rulers inheriting authority through family or clan ties. The right of a family or clan to monopolize leadership is widely believed to derive from the will of a god Legal-rational authority: typical of modern societies. Derives from respect for the law. Laws specify how a person can achieve office. People generally believe these laws are rational. If someone achieves office by following these laws, people respect his or her authority Charismatic authority: based on belief in the claims of extraordinary individuals that they are inspired by a god or some higher principle Political revolution: overthrow of political institutions by an opposition movement and its replacement by new institutions Political sociology is mainly concerned with institutions that specialize in the exercise of power and authority State: consists of the institutions responsible for formulating and carrying out a countrys laws and public policies The state compromises institutions that formulate and carry out a countrys laws and public policies Civil society: private sphere of social life o Domestic world, the economic sphere, cultural activities and political interaction www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit