Textbook Notes (381,222)
CA (168,408)
UTSC (19,325)
VPMA99H3 (11)
Andy Lee (11)
Chapter 22

Chapter 22 Study Guide

4 Pages
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Department
Music and Culture
Course Code
VPMA99H3
Professor
Andy Lee

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Chapter 22 The European Mainstream in the Early Twentieth Century
The First Modern Generation
Claude Debussy
-French composer
-rhetorical understatement
-draw from French tradition a preference for indirect, tasteful, and restrained expression
-influenced by Russian style, medieval music, and Asian music
-create musical images through motives, harmony, exotic scales (whole-tone, octatonic, and
pentatonic scales), and instrumental timbre
-use of chromatic and whole-tone chords, absence of resolution
-maintain a tonal focus, key center
-does not follow the conventional tonal relationship between chord
-create feeling of detached observation
-piano pieces suggest a picture
-element of instrumental timbre in orchestral music
-a particular instrument is associated with a certain motive
-different musical layers are separated through tone colour
-large orchestra that is not used to make a loud sound but offers a great variety of tone colours
and textures
Three Nocturnes: Nuages (Clouds)
-subdued, imagist instrumentation
-3 sections in modified ABA’ form
-begin with oscillating pattern of 5th and 3rd that creates impression of movement
-no harmonic direction
-analogy for slowly moving clouds
-the pattern in the A section features different tone colours/ pitches, changing into series of
parallel triads or 9th chords
-in A’ section, pattern disappears, giving the impression of dispersing clouds
-English-horn motive quickly rises and slowly falls through segment of octatonic scale
-English horn sometimes omits/ repeats some of its final notes
-motive never develops or changes
-English horn does not play any other thing, other than motive
-complete identification between timbre and motive
-musical images lend coherence to music and convey a sense of stillness and contemplation
Tonal and Post-Tonal Music
Arnold Schoenberg
-continue German classical tradition
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Description
Chapter 22 The European Mainstream in the Early Twentieth Century The First Modern Generation Claude Debussy -French composer -rhetorical understatement -draw from French tradition a preference for indirect, tasteful, and restrained expression -influenced by Russian style, medieval music, and Asian music -create musical images through motives, harmony, exotic scales (whole-tone, octatonic, and pentatonic scales), and instrumental timbre -use of chromatic and whole-tone chords, absence of resolution -maintain a tonal focus, key center -does not follow the conventional tonal relationship between chord -create feeling of detached observation -piano pieces suggest a picture -element of instrumental timbre in orchestral music -a particular instrument is associated with a certain motive -different musical layers are separated through tone colour -large orchestra that is not used to make a loud sound but offers a great variety of tone colours and textures Three Nocturnes: Nuages (Clouds) -subdued, imagist instrumentation -3 sections in modified ABA form -begin with oscillating pattern of 5 and 3 that creates impression of movement -no harmonic direction -analogy for slowly moving clouds -the pattern in the A section features different tone colours pitches, changing into series of parallel triads or 9 chords -in A section, pattern disappears, giving the impression of dispersing clouds -English-horn motive quickly rises and slowly falls through segment of octatonic scale -English horn sometimes omits repeats some of its final notes -motive never develops or changes -English horn does not play any other thing, other than motive -complete identification between timbre and motive -musical images lend coherence to music and convey a sense of stillness and contemplation Tonal and Post-Tonal Music Arnold Schoenberg -continue German classical tradition www.notesolution.com
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