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Chapter 5

ANT253H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Spray Painting, Erik Erikson, Sigmund Freud


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT253H1
Professor
marcel danesi
Chapter
5

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Chapter 5
5.1 Personality
Psycholinguistic - focus on relation btw language and construction of self
Sociolinguistic - focus on relation btw language and social identity
Grammatical morphemes appear to reveal more about personality than do content words
(noun, adj, verb
Language profile
Feature of language that reveal ourselves
Adolescent talk
Restricted code intended to convey allegiance to group while declaring independence
from both childhood and mainstream society
Medieval university student uses lupi 'wolves' to refer to spies who reported on other students
Social dialect of adolescence
Teenage slang by Hudson
Used by teenager to signal important diff. they see btw themselves and older ppl
Social dialect of standard language that is shaped by age based L-profile
Emotivity is a feature of slang socialist
e.g. I haaaaaaaaaate studying
Connotation is core of adolescent L-profile
Aim at description of others or evaluation of specific social situation
Cooper and Anderson-Inman
'Gaining control over marked linguistic features shows a growing competence in use of
communicative strategies that both realize and regulate behavior and speech patterns
appropriate to gender and peer group membership'
Teenagers achieve relative status in fluctuating hierarchy of their communities by
learning how to advantageously manipulate their verbal intxn strategically
Maltz and Borker
Teenage boy more inclined than girls to text verbal skill of one another in verbal duels in
Order to gain upper hand .
Ritual conflict by Eder
Involves exchange of insults btw 2 peers, often in presence of other peers(audience).
Competitive in nature.
Goal: keep one's cool
Respond to personal insult in non serious manner
Frame analysis by Erving Goffman
Technique of diving human interaction into separate frames of behavior that can then
be analyzed in terms of constituent units of Self-portrayl, recognizable by others
intuitively as part of personality
"strip"
Sequence of actions that identify a person's behavioral characteristics
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Method
Describing strip (actual behavioral scene)
Reducing it to basic typology (actions, language, forms)
Interpreting strategies deployed by characters in strip
Dramatis personae
Latin for "cast of characters"
We seem to perceive life as a stage and our role in it as character
Metacommunicative
Occurs all time, hidden agent in determining personal success in social intxn
Levels of human interaction above and beyond exchange of info
Goffman defined frame space as if it were a real theater and "actor" perform strips
Cognition
Bilinguals tend to unconsciously change their personality when switch language
"frame shifting" - ppl can switch btw diff ways of interpreting events and
feelings
Whorfian Hypothesis by Benjamin Lee Whorf
A particular language influences how speaker classify, perceive, and understand
world
People not usually symmetrically bilingual
Diff competencies in diff languages and they code switch in certain
situations
Eg. Hispanic speakers in US
Spanglish
Rothman and Rell argue that Spanglish is synonymous with identity and
with development of personality and cognitive traits
If race and ethnicity were purely social and cultural phenomena, would expect long-
term outcome of immigration to be gradual weakening and eventual disappearance of
racial and ethnic categories and of speech communities as distinct groups -
"acculturation"
Identity
Linguistic identity (LI)
John Edwards argue that language we are born into and which we use daily
imparts intuitive sense of who we r
LI is forged both individually and as members of group
LI affect concept of social identity, but it is a distant one (Ochs calls it)
Ochs's distance hypothesis
The relation btw language and social identity is a sociolinguistically
distant one
Individual who speaks Italian as native language feel a ethnic allegiance
to Italian culture
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