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FOR302H1 (3)

Ample evidence supports the observation that the poorest people live near or reside in forested areas.docx

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Neera Singh

OutlineIn the following article I will focus on describing the issues of poverty allievation and biodiversity conservation and demonstrating the significance of these issues and the need to include them in global forest negotiations Background The issue of poverty alleviationAmple evidence supports the observation that the poorest people live near or reside in forested areas especially in developing countries such as India for example whereby approximately 275 million people that live in rural areas depend on forests for their subsistence Sunderlin et al 2007 To stress the significance of this issue further the World Bank estimates that an astonishing 16 billion people significantly depend on forests to support their livelihoods with such trends being more prevalent in tropical countries Some common subsistence resources that forests provide include food medicine nutritional supplements and construction materials Kumar 2014 Furthermore a disproportionate amount of these forest dwellers consist of Indigenous people tribal minorities and marginalized groups The reasons for this correlation range and is still being investigated The powerlessness of forest dwellers to outsidersthat results from isolation low bargaining power and low educationare some key reasons Likewise forests are also a frequent destination for migrants who are attracted to forests due to their remoteness and openaccess qualities Sunderlin et al 2007 Kumar 2014 Nevertheless eliminating poverty in forested areas which are ironically places that are usually rich in stocks of natural timber wealth is in many ways problematic For example among many factors these areas tend to have a low agricultural development potential partly due to the fact that development in these areas tend to be less cost effective In addition these areas also suffer from low government investment due to their remoteness Sunderlin et al 2007 Kumar 2014 With that said alleviating poverty can be seen as a human rights issue and will require the collaborative efforts of governments NGOs and local communities The historical state approach to dealing with forestdependent poor communities needs to change and forests stakeholders need to work to mitigate and reduce poverty by using innovative forestry practicesnamely by protecting the benefits flowing to the poor promoting tenure and rights to forest dependent people improving market access and by utilizing governance regimes such as community based forestry Sunderlin et al 2007 Kumar 2014 Ultimately poverty alleviation is a very complex issue that is a worthy concern for the international forestry community Solutionsthe importance for its inclusion in global forest negotiationsOne way that the international global forestry community can reduce poverty in the developing world is by implementing forestrybased poverty alleviation FBPA policies which focuses on the use of forest resources for the purpose of lessening deprivation of wellbeing on either a temporary or lasting basisSunderlin et al 2007 Furthermore this approach
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