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Chapter 12

HIS344Y1 Chapter 12: From Crisis to Détente & the “Emergence” of China

Course Code
Vasilis Dimitriadis

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Set up a direct line of communication between Moscow and
Washington after the Cuban Missile Crisis - avoid
Crackdown on nuclear weapons
Give up nuclear monopoly
Transfer all of fissionable materials to custody of the UN
Destroy small stockpile of nuclear weapons
Required that other states did not develop nuclear weapons
and UN be permitted to verify this --> USSR would never
Baruch Plan
USA always wanted to send in people to verify --> USSR
would never agree
After USSR developed nuclear weapons, were more agreeable to
scaling down development
The Challenge of Arms Control
Prevent dangerous effects of testing in the atmosphere
Radioactive fallout
BRAVO / Bikini Test of hydrogen bomb
USA did not want to agree
Public relations backlash
Khrushchev would offer to agree to no testing if Eisenhower would
Finally, Eisenhower agrees to suspend for one year
1948 moratorium
Britain and USA follow
USSR breaks this in 1961
1960 France now a nuclear power
Cuban Missile Crisis - concern re-emerges
France and China would not sign because they wanted to
develop their nuclear weapons
1963 - Limited Test Ban Treaty
No weapons or testing in space
Britain, USA, France, USSR
Outer Space Treaty
Blowing in the Wind: The Limited Test Ban Theory
Tried to prevent spread of nuclear weapons to other states /
regions of the world that they did not exist in
1959 - Antarctica as nuclear-free
Preserving the Nuclear Oligopoly: The Non-Proliferation Treaty
Chapter 3: The Rise and Fall of Détente
Keylor, pp. 97-103, 272-276
12. From Crisis to tente and the “emergenceof
October 24, 2018
5:00 PM
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